Social Sciences

KUT » Two Guys on Your Head

Dr. Art Markman & Dr. Bob Duke

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain how our brain works.

Episodes

Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go
7:33
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:33
Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go

A traumatic event in life is like a scratch on a record. Every time the record player, or your mind, runs over the scratch, it skips. This skipping record thought pattern is called rumination. Until we’re able to fill the scratch, it will keep skipping. So how do we fill the scratch, move on and heal? On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the various ways we live with and explain grief, and they offer some strategies that might help it make sense.

The Value of Understanding
8:17
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:17
The Value of Understanding

As gratifying as applied research is, to set out to answer a specific research question, it’s not always the best way to come up with new ideas, discover new things, and develop understanding. For these things you need basic research or just a curiosity about the world and how it works.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about on this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, developing and valuing understanding, as opposed to the bottom line, is an important part of uncovering what we don’t even know we don’t know.

 

Pronouns
8:04
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:04
Pronouns

When it comes to language, the psychology around how we use words is as interesting and as consequential as the words themselves.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of closed classed words in English like pronouns, determiners, conjunctions, and prepositions, and why it’s so hard for us to change them.

Painkillers (Rebroadcast)
8:14
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:14
Painkillers (Rebroadcast)

The high reliance on painkillers by the medical community has become an increasingly controversial topic.  For patients, that reliance can easily transform a treatment into an addiction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between pain and the brain. And they touch on the evolution of pain as retribution, both biologically and culturally.

Nouns
8:30
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:30
Nouns

Popular linguistic theories like, Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, give us the idea that language determines how and what we think. However, looking at the psychology behind how we use language points in another direction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how nouns can teach us a lot about how our brains create and influence how we use language.

Unintended Consequences Of Policy
8:37
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:37
Unintended Consequences Of Policy

On average most policies are put in place to help people, protect people, or regulate dangerous behavior, so why don’t these policies work?

In the most recent episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the unintended consequences of policy, and how psychology can help us discover what policies work. And why. And why not.

Struggling vs. Suffering
8:04
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:04
Struggling vs. Suffering

Struggle has a way of defining us. But while we often use struggles to teach lessons and build resilience, a struggle without a purpose doesn’t always yield positive results.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the difference between struggling and suffering, and why it matters.

Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)
8:15
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:15
Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)

Most people feel in over their heads when they first enter a challenging situation or even a new job. And, while conventional wisdom suggests those with trepidations about trying new things should “fake it ’til they make it,” it may not always be the best course of action.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman discuss what’s known as “imposter syndrome” — the practice of pretending to be the person you want people to see you as rather than who you truly are — and explain why it may just be better to just start working towards your goals instead of faking it.

Humiliation
7:54
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:54
Humiliation

Humiliation can make us feel small and insignificant, so why do humans humiliate one another?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of humiliation and how you can make choices in your life to prevent you from feeling humiliated when the bullies strike.

Scientific Terminology
8:39
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:39
Scientific Terminology

One of the reasons it’s so difficult to relate scientific findings to the general public is because the same words literally take on different meanings in those realms.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke deconstruct two such terms–significance and theory– and talk about why knowing how they’re used in a scientific context can help us better to understand the scientific process as well.

Rewarding In The Workplace
8:29
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:29
Rewarding In The Workplace

In our last episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talked about how to influence behavior using rewards first, then examples, and finally verbal direction. However, things aren’t that simple when it comes to building teams and motivating groups, especially in the workplace.

In this follow-up edition, they discuss how to structure rewards at work for the best long-term results.

How To Influence Behavior
8:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:20
How To Influence Behavior

When thinking about what drives human behavior there is what we say, what we do, and then what we reward. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, people tend to respond to these things in reverse order.

Embodied Empathy
8:13
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:13
Embodied Empathy

You’ve heard the saying, “walk a mile in someone else’s shoes.” But does that literally mean you have to put yourself in someone’s position in order to understand where they are coming from? According to a study published in The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, it just might.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the study, and what it means for how and why when we try to see things from another’s point of view we are more likely to empathize with them on a few different levels.

 

Sequels
8:16
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:16
Sequels

We may think that we prefer something brand-new to something we’ve seen before, but the truth is we are more likely to enjoy things we are familiar with.

In this edition of Two Guys On Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind why we like sequels.

Online Sharing
8:25
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:25
Online Sharing

There are many places to air your grievances online, and you might think that the rant itself makes you feel better, and you would be half right.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, sharing your problems and interacting with problem solving strategies online can give you the tools you need to deal with issues more effectively in daily life, and helping others with their affairs can get our minds off our own.

Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)
8:04
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:04
Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)

Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it?

When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to mind. This lack of creative flow is further exacerbated by anxiety over the lack of production – making it a self-perpetuating cycle that can lead to stagnation.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the ins and outs of how and why we sometimes get stuck – and what we can do to help ourselves in those difficult situations.

The key to avoiding writer’s block is to understand and remember one simple fact in particular: writing is a process.

Often, people who face writer’s block hold a false belief that the examples of good writing – the masterpieces of literary accomplishment – somehow emerged from the author fully formed. Since a novice writer’s early attempts to produce a draft might not meet their expectations of perfection, they might consider themselves a failure – all before they’ve even fully attempted the work.

Essentially, writer’s block is editing before the work is done. You have to start somewhere. To avoid writer’s block, just write. Get something down and from there you can start to revise it, which is how the work begins.

Saying No
7:59
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:59
Saying No

We’ve done shows on the importance of being open to new opportunities; in short saying yes. And while saying yes is very important, we might be too prone toward saying yes to things when we should be saying no.

Why is hard to say no? Why don’t we take into account the opportunity cost when we’re considering our options?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to practice saying no, and why it matters.

 

Metrics
8:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:34
Metrics

Data is great, but it can’t tell you everything you need to know. So why do we love it so much?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the upsides and the downsides of metrics.

Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)
1:03:51
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 1:03:51
Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)

Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy along with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke as they talk about how we make sense of randomness in our lives, why we have a hard time processing statistics, and why our brains like to connect the dots.

Post-Project Depression
8:15
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:15
Post-Project Depression

Many soon-to-be graduates might be asking themselves, “what do I do now?”

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to deal with the lows that come after you complete a major goal.

Suppressing Anger
8:02
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:02
Suppressing Anger

There are a lot of metaphors that give us a picture of what anger is and how it affects our health. We may “bottle things up,” which causes us to get “hot” and need to “blow off steam.” However accurate they may feel to us at the time, they mask healthy ways to deal with anger and effectively influence behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke answer a listener question about suppressing anger.

Hate
8:05
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:05
Hate

What is the point of hate? It feels bad, it causes all kinds of problems, and it destroys relationships. So why did hate persist as we evolved?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of hate.

Being Late
8:40
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:40
Being Late

Have you ever wondered why some people are always punctual, even early, and other are perpetually late? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about some of the psychology behind synchronizing our cultural and personal “clocks”, and how to put yourself in a less anxious space no matter who you are.

 

Picture Taking
8:05
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:05
Picture Taking

You might think that cell phones make everything worse. We can’t remember phone numbers anymore, we are addicted to checking texts and emails, and we end up taking thousands of crappy pictures each month. What good can ever come of this?

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, it’s not all bad. We may actually be remembering more moments because of the photos we’re taking and the way we’re engaging with the world through our phones. But then again, there is more to any story, and the jury is still out on this one.

 

Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?
57:57
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 57:57
Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?

Teaming up with the Elisabet Ney Museum, KUT & Views & Brew‘s Rebecca McInroy and Dr. Art Markman & Dr. Bob Duke of Two Guys On Your Head consider the eternal question posed by Ney’s husband in 1890 “Are We Conscious Automata?”  What can psychology teach us about notions of determinism vs. free will? Is there such a thing as a rational being?

Breathing
7:59
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:59
Breathing

When we think of all the things we’re sold to reduce stress in our lives, the one that will actually work is free-breathing. So why don’t we utilize our ability to change our physiology through slowing down and taking deep breaths more often?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about breathing and the brain.

Starstruck
8:02
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:02
Starstruck

Have you ever caught sight of a celebrity or someone you consider to be a “star” and, even though you are a completely intelligent, interesting, and charismatic person, you turn to mush when you say hello to them?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolution behind our weird interactions with celebrities, and the psychology of being starstruck.

V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption
1:03:38
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 1:03:38
V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy to talk about the psychology of uncertainty and how disruption can be a good thing.

Brain Games (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Brain Games (Rebroadcast)

You can go to the gym and work out your quads, or your biceps, or your balance and isolate those muscle groups to focus improvement of those areas of function with work.

So it’s not too far of a stretch to assume if we exercise specific areas of our brains might we see improvement in functions as well, right?  Unfortunately, it’s not quite so simple.

But have so many brain-training systems like Lumosity become so popular?

On this week’s show, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke will demystify the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs.

Reading Minds
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Reading Minds

Psychics have something going on, but that’s not what we’re talking about here. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we think people can read our minds, why they can’t, and how we can have better interactions by recognizing what we need and asking for what we want.

Numbers
7:55
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:55
Numbers

A lot of us can listen to a newscast or a lecture about, global warming or the federal budget, and hear numbers in the trillions mentioned and think we know what is being discussed. We might even come out with a sense that we learned something about said numbers.

Yet, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, it is really very difficult for the average human being to conceive of what numbers really mean, or how they might affect our lives. But there is hope.

Privacy
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Privacy

Understanding what we want to make public and what we want to keep private might seem like an easy choice, however as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, when it comes to life on-line our brains aren’t quite equip to navigate the complexity of this issue.

Coincidence (Rebroadcast)
7:35
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:35
Coincidence (Rebroadcast)

Have you ever thought of a friend you haven’t seen in a long time only to run into them the same day? Have you ever thought of a historical figure and had that same person be a clue in the New York Times crossword puzzle?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the psychology behind coincidence and why looking at the world through a more mathematical lens might help people see things differently.

Enculturation
7:58
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:58
Enculturation

What one person might term enculturation another might term brainwashing, but no matter what you call it, in psychology it’s pretty much the same thing.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of enculturation.

Fake News
7:57
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:57
Fake News

Whether or not you’re shocked by the plethora of fake news, you might be surprised to learn that such information–fake or not–does have unexpected effects on the way you see the world.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of fake news.

Choice (Rebroadcast)
7:48
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:48
Choice (Rebroadcast)

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make — number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience
7:36
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:36
Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke continue to talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think. Things that have to do specifically personality, gender and openness to experience.

Saying “Yes”
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Saying “Yes”

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think.

Memorization
7:49
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:49
Memorization

There are so many fascinating aspects of what we remember and what we forget, but one we rarely ask about is what is the point of memorization. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to store poems, math facts and more in long-term memory.

The Generation Effect
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
The Generation Effect

We might think that when we hear or read something we learn it, but that assumption would be incorrect. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke point out in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head we have to work to produce ideas in order to really understand them.

Curiosity
7:46
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:46
Curiosity

When we are born we know very little about the world and need to learn in order to survive, hence the propensity for curiosity. However some people are just more curious than others, so why is this? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of curiosity.

 

 

Thinking Vs. Doing
7:58
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:58
Thinking Vs. Doing

When we are ready to get something done we’re in “doing” mode, and when we are contemplating what we want to do we are in “thinking” mode. This seems easy enough to understand. So why do we rush into making decisions that don’t turn out to be so great? Or why do we sit on our heels when we should be getting things done?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can optimize our motivational modes for more effective, and rational decision making.

Counterfactuals
7:59
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:59
Counterfactuals

Humans have an innate ability to imagine the unimaginable. More often than not, this manifests in everyday situations – “woulda, coulda, shoulda” sort of situations – like whether you would’ve been late to that job interview, if you hadn’t done x, y or z. Those imaginings are called counterfactuals.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of counterfactuals, and how taking time to recognize and use these tools we have at our disposal can make us happier and healthier people.

Bullying
7:45
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:45
Bullying

People don’t feel that great when their locus of control is compromised, and that’s pretty much what bullying is all about. So why does bullying exist and how does it function?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bullying.

Kindness
8:18
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:18
Kindness

We might think that human beings are innately kind or innately cruel, as it turns out neither is fully true. Kindness is one of those things that is a learned behavior. The more we practice kindness the more we, and others around us, tend to practice the same behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of kindness.

Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)

If you live in the modern world – as you most likely do – you’re probably seen it: two people standing next to each other, engrossed in text conversations happening on their mobile devices, while oblivious to each other or anything else happening around them.

Does that common occurrence make you reminisce about the good old days of landlines? You’re not alone. Many people pine for simplicity in this new world of immediate contact – all possible through our nifty mobile gadgets.

You can never be out of reach, never out of touch – and yet, you can stay constantly isolated in your own mobile, virtual world, blissfully unengaged in real time interaction with live people around you.

How does this new technology of immediate mobile contact influence and affect our relationships with real people, in real time, in real life?

Well, there’s benefits and drawbacks. As usual, the Two Guys on Your Head have some interesting insight.

Election Results 2016
8:27
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:27
Election Results 2016

No matter which party you voted for last Tuesday, this election has revealed a lot about the psychology of our country. There is a lot of anger, alienation, and fear on both sides and it will take hard work to recover and move forward.

We might not be ready to do so now, and that is okay. We are all feeling the effects of the aftermath, and it can be tough to get a sense of perspective; in either victory or defeat.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, offer a few words of advice on how we can repair, forgive, and move on.

The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live
1:09:16
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 1:09:16
The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live

Everything from what motivates people to vote, to why we’re much more politically polarized today than we’ve ever been. In this discussion, KUT’s Two Guys on Your Head (Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke) joins KUT’s Rebecca McInroy  and The Annette Strauss Institute for Civic Life to take a look at “The Psychology of Civic Engagement.”

Polarization
8:09
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:09
Polarization

Have we evolved into a nation of extremes? In an election season like this one (as if we’ve ever seen anything like this) we may think that there is no middle ground, and there’s a reason for that.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we’ve become more polarized politically in the last 30 years.

Voting
8:30
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:30
Voting

We get it, voting requires effort and it’s a choice, but that doesn’t predispose it to being something people just don’t do, so why don’t more people go to the polls when it comes to voting?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology of voting.

Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)
7:36
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:36
Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?
You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse – you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Popularity
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Popularity

We might consider ourselves pretty savvy. We choose the “best” toothpaste, bottled water, or television set. We go to the movies we “want” to see, and listen to the music we like because it’s “good”. What we might not take into consideration is how popularity fits into our value judgments about everything, from people and products to ideas and beliefs.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of popularity.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]
48:18
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 48:18
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Two.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]
25:50
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 25:50
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Three.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]
56:05
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 56:05
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part Two.

Link to Part Three.

Value
7:24
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:24
Value

We humans are interesting animals. We may take for granted the card we swipe  at the grocery store when we buy food. We might look at our bank balance and not even think of how unique it is that we can translate those little numbers into experiences and things. It’s merely one of the benefits of having big brains.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of how our brains determine value.

Home
8:10
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:10
Home

When we suffer the loss of a home, we may ask why the trauma is so deep. Why are we so devastated by the loss of “things”? A listener asked us this very question on Facebook after she lost her home in the Bastrop County fires of 2011.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of home, and how losing a home affects many aspects of our being.

Fear and Motivation
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:20
Fear and Motivation

When we are afraid we typically act! We run away, we shout, we lash out, we do. Fear is a great motivator, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, there is a downside to acting out of fear alone.

Dissonance and Behavior
7:33
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:33
Dissonance and Behavior

How does dissonance effect behavior? In this episode Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke use the example of climate change to  explore how we deal with dissonance in our lives and beliefs.

Bias and Behavior
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:20
Bias and Behavior

It’s no secret that this political season is a display of some interesting human behavior, and we’ve had a lot of listener questions about how biases form, the psychological impact of heated rhetoric, and what is going on “under the surface” of the American public?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychology can inform our discussions and debates as we try to swim through the murky waters of the modern American political campaign 2016.

Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)

“Working to achieve something can be great, as long as we enjoy the process of working to achieve something.” -Art Markman

So you just got that raise you’ve been working toward, and a new project starts tomorrow, and you’re making great money, but — you don’t really like the work. You’re moving up, but you’re not happy. It might be time to re-evaluate your situation, and maybe get on a different proverbial treadmill.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

TED Talks
8:21
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:21
TED Talks

TED Talks! Love ’em or hate ’em they may be changing the way we approach science. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what it is about these captivating orations.

I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)

We value brains. We hold test scores in high esteem. We spend money and hours on brain training games and ginseng. But what does intelligence really mean? How do we define and gauge actual smarts? Does a high IQ predict success?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the history and development of intelligence tests; as well as what these tests can actually tell us about one’s ability to achieve.

It turns out that intelligence can be a dangerous label when thinking about the ongoing, dynamic, interconnected process that is our brain. Once we label something as intelligent we ignore that a lot goes into how we create, solve problems and overcome obstacles.

So next time you’re tempted (or forced) to take an intelligence test, don’t stress, they don’t tell the whole story of what you’re capable of.

Politeness
7:48
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:48
Politeness

Why say “please” and “thank you”? It turns out there’s a lot more to it than just having good manners.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology and purpose of politeness.

Pet Peeves
8:32
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:32
Pet Peeves

Things may really annoy you, but when do they hit that sweet spot where you become fond of them? When do they become your pets?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of pet peeves.

Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness
20:25
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 20:25
Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness

In this new feature, we are offering to podcast listeners only, we respond to listener comments about recent shows we did on hearing loss and another on happiness.

If you have questions or comments please email us at twoguys@kut.org. Thanks!

Omission Bias
8:33
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:33
Omission Bias

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about omission bias.

Plagiarism
7:55
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:55
Plagiarism

“Thou shalt not steal” might be an old concept, but when it comes to ideas we’re still in the infant stages of understanding how theft works. So we might ask, “why does it matter if someone plagiarizes someone else? It’s not like I took an object from someone else.”

It turns out, it’s a big deal. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why.

Hope and Motivation
7:42
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:42
Hope and Motivation

Does hope actually motivate us to change? A listener sent in this question and we thought we would explore the answer.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how effective hope is when we want change.

Hearing Loss
8:22
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:22
Hearing Loss

Hearing loss happens to everyone who’s lucky enough to age. But it’s not like just any other age related illness, mainly because you and others around you, might not know it’s happening.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what makes hearing loss so insidious, and why it’s important to be open about hearing loss if you know you have it, so you don’t lose out on vital social opportunities.

Emotional Contagion
7:44
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:44
Emotional Contagion

Have you ever wondered why when you are around happy people, you feel happier, and when you’re around sad people you feel a little sadder? Emotions can be contagious, just like the flu. However, recent studies show that the way we emit and convey emotion is more complex than we might think.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about emotional contagion.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind both sides of America’s ongoing debate about firearms and gun control.

Feeling Age
7:37
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:37
Feeling Age

The psychology of feeling age in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Speed Reading
7:30
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:30
Speed Reading

Speed reading! “Now this sounds like a fantastic skill,” you might say to yourself. “Where can I learn how to do this?” Well that’s a little tricky, because the psychological research on reading and comprehension, so far concludes that it’s just not possible.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we read slowly, and why we might think we are speed reading when we’re really not.

Why We Make Rules
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:20
Why We Make Rules

We might take rules for granted. For example, we all know that 55 mph means 62 mph, and that crosswalks are for leisure time–just kidding. But, seriously, do we ever wonder why we make rules in the first place?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why we make rules, and why it’s important to talk about it.

Rule Breakers
7:26
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:26
Rule Breakers

“Why do some people think that the rules don’t apply to them?” That is a question one listener tweeted us a few weeks ago. It turns out that the idea of rules and rule breaking opens up a Pandora’s Box of complexities that it’s gonna take more than one show to unpack.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on a few of the psychological issues around rules.

Parenting Adult Children
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:20
Parenting Adult Children

Figuring out how the nature of relationships changes over time can be tough, especially for kids and their parents.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman talk about the challenges of parenting your kids as they transition into adulthood, and what to do to make this easier and mutually beneficial.

Money and Happiness
7:45
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:45
Money and Happiness

Some might say that as long as you have your needs covered, the amount of money you have is irrelevant to your happiness. While for others, money has a lot to do with well-being. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this show, the ratio of money to happiness has more to do with you, than with what’s in your wallet.

SXSW2016 Live
51:50
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 51:50
SXSW2016 Live

In this special SXSW edition of Two Guys on Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the myth of invention and the process of creativity.

Memory, Imagination, and Happiness
7:49
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:49
Memory, Imagination, and Happiness

When it comes to imagination and happiness, it turns out there’s a lot going on. If you think, as William Arthur Ward said, “If you can imagine it, you can achieve it; if you can dream it, you can become it,” you might be in for a surprise when it comes to well-being.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to manage our exceptions and goals, and enjoy the moments in the process of becoming, in order live happier lives.

Imagination and Change
7:33
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:33
Imagination and Change

Have you ever been in a situation that you just can’t see your way out of? Have you ever been stuck on a path you did not want to follow? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can practice gaining experiences that can help us imagine different possibilities for a future we never knew we wanted, to get out of a present we’re not happy with.

Ending Relationships
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:20
Ending Relationships

Why is it so hard to get out of a relationship that just isn’t working? It might be a job that you don’t like, or a friendship or partnership that is not okay. You want out, but can’t seem to cut the ties.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about some of the psychology behind why it can be tough to get out, and what to do about it.

Defining Gender
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:20
Defining Gender

The science, the politics, and the general understanding of gender here in the US has evolved dramatically over the last 30 years, but what does that mean for how we understand ourselves and others differently through time. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychologically understanding changing definitions of gender.

Innovation and Creativity
7:27
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:27
Innovation and Creativity

A talk about memory, innovation, creativity and productivity, live at SXSW 2016, with Dr. Art Markman, Dr. Bob Duke and Rebecca McInroy.

Flexibility
7:38
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:38
Flexibility

When the unexpected happens, some people shut down, while others are cool as cucumbers. We might think that the people who handle crisis well, are just born that way, perhaps they are just flexible.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how the more you know, and the more experiences you have help you to become a more flexible person, and why it’s important to learn to deal calmly with whatever comes your way.

Applying For Jobs
7:23
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:23
Applying For Jobs

We might think that as long as we have great test scores, the right degree, or certain awards, that we are a shoe-in for that job we just applied for. But the truth is you could have all of that and more and still not get the job. That’s because so many of the factors that are taken into consideration when employers or administrators are sifting through applications, has very little to do with actual qualifications.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about what matters, and what doesn’t, when it comes to your application. Yes, they give some tips on how to “get the job” but the most important thing to remember, whether you get it or not, is that a lot is just out of your hands.

 

Swearing
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:20
Swearing

Should you let your kids swear like sailors, or should you put the hammer down? Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind swearing and raising kids.

Gift Giving
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:20
Gift Giving

Why do we give gifts? Why can giving gifts be stressful? What are the gifts that really matter? What are the gifts that people will remember?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the psychology of gift giving.

Confession
7:53
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:53
Confession

Why do we confess when we feel bad about something we’ve done or haven’t done? What is the evolutionary benefit of confession? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explore the psychology of confession.

Reciprocity
7:36
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:36
Reciprocity

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of reciprocity.

Circadian Rhythms
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:20
Circadian Rhythms

The regularity of the Earth’s dark-light cycle is why all creatures, humans included, have biological clocks. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about Circadian Rhythms.

Low Information Decision Making
8:13
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 8:13
Low Information Decision Making

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about low information decision making.

Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion
1:05:00
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 1:05:00
Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion

In this special live Views & Brews edition of Two Guys On Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the psychology of choice and decision making.

Decision Making And Happiness
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Decision Making And Happiness

Decision making and happiness, how one influences the other, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Choice
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Choice

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make; number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Accountability
7:48
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:48
Accountability

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of accountability.

Resolutions
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:34
Resolutions

It’s that time of the year when we resolve to drink less, exercise more, save money, etc.

It may feel really good to intend to do “better” in the new year, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, real change takes planning and hard work.

Why is that? It turns out we have no idea why we do most of the things we do on a daily basis. And as long as our behaviors are driven by factors that operate below our conscious awareness, we may not know how to change.

As the Two Guys point out, effective change can happen when we start from the outside in. When we look at our environments first we can make space and cultivate relationships that help us become best selves.

Getting Lost
7:45
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:45
Getting Lost

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychological value of “getting lost”, and the beauty of discovery.

Tradition
7:25
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:25
Tradition

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of tradition.

Punishment
7:46
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:46
Punishment

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of punishment.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-21 04:41:29 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of guns.

Xenophobia
7:37
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:37
Xenophobia

In this episode of Two Guys On Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of xenophobia.

How To Exit Converations
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
How To Exit Converations

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to exit conversations, and keep group discussions from being co-opted.

Reference Points
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Reference Points

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we make value judgments based on reference points.

Framing Effects
7:26
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:26
Framing Effects

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the why how we say something is as important, if not more important than, what we say.

Gestalt Principles And Language Development
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles And Language Development

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about understanding the difference between Behaviorism and Gestalt Psychology by looking at theories of language development.

Gestalt Principles
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about “gestalt principles.”

Desire
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Desire

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of desire.

Why We Tell Ghost Stories
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Ghost Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how telling ghost stories can be good for us.

Why We Tell Stories
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why our brains make sense of the world through stories, and what problems this can cause.

Rethinking Work For a Happier Life
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Rethinking Work For a Happier Life

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to rethink your work week for a happier life.

Days Of The Week
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:20
Days Of The Week

This week we talk about why certain days of the week “feel” differently than others, and what we can do to help ourselves optimize each day.

Reading and Child’s Brain
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:20
Reading and Child’s Brain

What’s going on inside a child’s brain when you read to them? Get a little insight in this week’s episode of Two Guys.

Rewarding Mediocrity
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:20
Rewarding Mediocrity

The ups and downs of rewards that praise participation in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Expectations, Goals, and Happiness
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:20
Expectations, Goals, and Happiness

Why is it that we’re not always as happy as we think we should be when we accomplish our goals? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

The Value of Failure
8:00
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 8:00
The Value of Failure

Failure is a word that carries a lot of baggage, arousing emotional responses that we’d usually rather avoid.

What about success? Why does the thought of success conjure images and feelings of comfort and satisfaction. This week, “Two Guys on Your Head” examine how the heights of success and the “training wheels” of failure impact our everyday lives.

We’re wired with a dopamine reward system that releases positive or negative chemical affect in our brains depending upon the success or failure of our efforts.  Success feels good, while failure feels bad.  So we tend to seek success and avoid failure. It’s simple.

But, how can you determine how much exertion to expend toward reaching a particular goal if you’ve never failed at something?  You might just run yourself into the ground trying to avoid failure, but it’s better to let failure experiences happen and serve to help you gauge your efforts.

Failure is a learning mechanism, like training wheels on a bicycle.  Our little mistakes serve to build up a framework of experience that allows us to more proficiently navigate our lives.

The fear of failure is a very challenging obstacle to overcome.  To some, fear of failure can be immobilizing.  When we legislate ourselves rigidly against the negative feelings aroused by the experience of a mistake, we are short-changing ourselves. Failure-driven learning mechanisms are not being utilized because our society reinforces a desire to avoid mistakes.

The Yuck Factor
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
The Yuck Factor

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the “yuck factor” and morality.

Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:20
Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the complex metabolic system that goes into how we eat and process food, and the benefits of food rituals and eating together, not only on our bodies, but on our brains as well.

V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!
1:07:46
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 1:07:46
V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!

In this episode of Views & Brews, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Two Guys On Your Head’s Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about the psychology of living the good life, and planning for death.  We’ll discuss why it’s so difficult to confront end-of-life concerns with your loved ones and your doctor, and we’ll offer some strategies that might help ease the pain of these difficult conversations.

Virtual Therapy
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Virtual Therapy

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the purposes of therapy and provide some perspective on the roles virtual therapy can and can’t fill.

The Imposter Syndrome
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
The Imposter Syndrome

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about The Imposter Syndrome. What is the real problem when you feel inadequate? How can you help yourself overcome it when you recognize it?

Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, conclude our series on pain with a discussion on some interesting findings in psychology as to how pain killers work in the brain, and they talk about the cultural and biological evolution of inflicting pain as retribution.

Emotional Pain and Memory
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Emotional Pain and Memory

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, add to the series on pain and the brain, with a discussion on emotional pain and memory.

Phantom Pain
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Phantom Pain

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, kick off our three-part series on “Pain and The Brain” with a discussion of “Phantom Pain”. What it is, and how psychologists are finding new ways of helping patients who suffer with it.

Summer and Time
7:14
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:14
Summer and Time

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about organizing time to make the most of time off.

Teaching The Process of Science
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:20
Teaching The Process of Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why it’s more important to teach the process of science, as opposed to just the outcomes science has produced.

Communicating Science
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Communicating Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about thinking scientifically, and some of the problems with communicating science to the general public.

Seeing and Perception
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Seeing and Perception

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how we see with our brains, and some problems that can cause.

Defiance
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Defiance

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of defiance.

Egocentric Bias
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Egocentric Bias

Why do think we contribute more in a group situation than we actually do? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of egocentric bias. It can be pretty destructive, but not necessarily in ways we predict.

Reading vs. Listening
7:33
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:33
Reading vs. Listening

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how our brains process information differently based on the mode of consumption.

Bonus: Gender and Negotiation
4:56
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 4:56
Bonus: Gender and Negotiation

Men and women can approach negotiation a lot differently and that can influence many aspects of their personal and professional lives. In this unedited bonus clip Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk a little bit about the role of gender in negotiation, and also a little bit about negotiation and children.

Negotiation
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Negotiation

Negotiations are everywhere, in almost every element of our daily lives, yet how do we understand negotiations? It turns out that the way we frame the idea of negotiation has a lot to do with how we understand value and happiness.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various elements of negotiation.

The Economics of Our Relationships
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:20
The Economics of Our Relationships

What is the value of our relationships?

As it turns out, the way we answer that question defines the relationship itself.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the various ways we understand the economics of the relationships in our lives, and why the value of community should never be underestimated.

Bias & Diversity
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Bias & Diversity

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bias, and the importance of diversity.

How To Catch a Liar
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
How To Catch a Liar

There’s no such thing as a “tell”. For example, when people look up, fidget or stutter they might just be nervous, and not exactly lying. However, because we rely on the truth to make our culture go round, it might make our lives easier if we could just spot a liar out of the crowd.

As it turns out you can tell if people are telling the truth or not, but it takes some skill, time and knowledge.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about lying, and a new study that reveals a more accurate way to catch someone in a lie.

Sleep and Age
7:33
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:33
Sleep and Age

Do we need less sleep as we age? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between sleep, age and cognitive decline.

The Placebo Effect
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
The Placebo Effect

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how and why placebos can make us feel better.

Rose Colored Glasses
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Rose Colored Glasses

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about all the factors that go in to why we attracted to certain people, while others just rub us the wrong way from the beginning.

Coincidence
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Coincidence

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology behind the phenomenon of coincidences.

Paranioa
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Paranioa

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, discuss what paranoia is, how we can help ourselves keep from spiraling into a paranoid thought process, and why paranoia manifests itself differently in different cultures.

Tempering The Tantrum
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Tempering The Tantrum

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on temper tantrums.

Amnesia
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Amnesia

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various aspects of amnesia.

Tongue Twisters and Rhymes
7:20
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:20
Tongue Twisters and Rhymes

Why rhymes are so appealing, and what makes for a good tongue twister, in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holiday Special
53:58
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 53:58
Holiday Special

Join us for a holiday special as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take us through questions about the link between freewill and gratitude, why we feel so compelled to recreate traditions exactly as we remember them, and why yawning is contagious. Plus, we’ll take a trip to The Thinkery with Dr. Cristine Legare.

It’s the holidays so let’s celebrate with Two Guys on Your Head!

The Interpertation of Memory
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
The Interpertation of Memory

How and why we misperceive how memory works in the brain, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?
7:33
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:33
Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?

For many of us, Thanksgiving means spending time with our families, carrying out traditions that we’ve practiced for years.

While it can be very stressful, messy, and challenging to spend time with family members you don’t see very often, it can also be a beautiful time of re-centering.

Traditions serve a psychological function. By repeating the same traditional activity with the same group of people over the years, we construct a chronological record of who we’ve been before – and who we are now. It’s a hidden way of staying in touch with the consistent elements of our identities, and it allows us to track ourselves as we develop and change.

Traditions give us an opportunity to become psychologically close to the person that we used to be in childhood, or adolescence – or even as recently as last year. And that’s something to be thankful for.

As always, Drs. Bob Duke and Art Markman are carving it up.

Why We Go To Extremes
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Why We Go To Extremes

From CrossFit to quilting, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the pros and cons of going to extremes.

How To Protect Your Brain As You Age
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
How To Protect Your Brain As You Age

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?

You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse –  you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Artificial Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Artificial Intelligence

The brief history of Artificial Intelligence in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Defining Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Defining Intelligence

How intelligence tests were developed and why, and what they do and don’t tell us about our ability to achieve success, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Why We Laugh At Fear
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Why We Laugh At Fear

Why we respond to uncomfortable situations with humor, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Responding To Ebola
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Responding To Ebola

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind our response to threats like Ebola.

The Psychology of Happiness
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
The Psychology of Happiness

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what goes into our ability to naturally be happy, and how we can influence our perspective to feel more positive.

Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolutionary basis for our attraction to kitten videos, and why they’re not so bad to consume in moderation.

Brain Training Games
7:34
2017-09-21 04:41:30 UTC 7:34
Brain Training Games

Demystifying the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs, in this week’s show with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go
7:33
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:33
Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go

A traumatic event in life is like a scratch on a record. Every time the record player, or your mind, runs over the scratch, it skips. This skipping record thought pattern is called rumination. Until we’re able to fill the scratch, it will keep skipping. So how do we fill the scratch, move on and heal? On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the various ways we live with and explain grief, and they offer some strategies that might help it make sense.

The Value of Understanding
8:17
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:17
The Value of Understanding

As gratifying as applied research is, to set out to answer a specific research question, it’s not always the best way to come up with new ideas, discover new things, and develop understanding. For these things you need basic research or just a curiosity about the world and how it works.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about on this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, developing and valuing understanding, as opposed to the bottom line, is an important part of uncovering what we don’t even know we don’t know.

 

Pronouns
8:04
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:04
Pronouns

When it comes to language, the psychology around how we use words is as interesting and as consequential as the words themselves.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of closed classed words in English like pronouns, determiners, conjunctions, and prepositions, and why it’s so hard for us to change them.

Painkillers (Rebroadcast)
8:14
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:14
Painkillers (Rebroadcast)

The high reliance on painkillers by the medical community has become an increasingly controversial topic.  For patients, that reliance can easily transform a treatment into an addiction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between pain and the brain. And they touch on the evolution of pain as retribution, both biologically and culturally.

Nouns
8:30
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:30
Nouns

Popular linguistic theories like, Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, give us the idea that language determines how and what we think. However, looking at the psychology behind how we use language points in another direction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how nouns can teach us a lot about how our brains create and influence how we use language.

Unintended Consequences Of Policy
8:37
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:37
Unintended Consequences Of Policy

On average most policies are put in place to help people, protect people, or regulate dangerous behavior, so why don’t these policies work?

In the most recent episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the unintended consequences of policy, and how psychology can help us discover what policies work. And why. And why not.

Struggling vs. Suffering
8:04
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:04
Struggling vs. Suffering

Struggle has a way of defining us. But while we often use struggles to teach lessons and build resilience, a struggle without a purpose doesn’t always yield positive results.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the difference between struggling and suffering, and why it matters.

Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)
8:15
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:15
Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)

Most people feel in over their heads when they first enter a challenging situation or even a new job. And, while conventional wisdom suggests those with trepidations about trying new things should “fake it ’til they make it,” it may not always be the best course of action.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman discuss what’s known as “imposter syndrome” — the practice of pretending to be the person you want people to see you as rather than who you truly are — and explain why it may just be better to just start working towards your goals instead of faking it.

Humiliation
7:54
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:54
Humiliation

Humiliation can make us feel small and insignificant, so why do humans humiliate one another?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of humiliation and how you can make choices in your life to prevent you from feeling humiliated when the bullies strike.

Scientific Terminology
8:39
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:39
Scientific Terminology

One of the reasons it’s so difficult to relate scientific findings to the general public is because the same words literally take on different meanings in those realms.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke deconstruct two such terms–significance and theory– and talk about why knowing how they’re used in a scientific context can help us better to understand the scientific process as well.

Rewarding In The Workplace
8:29
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:29
Rewarding In The Workplace

In our last episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talked about how to influence behavior using rewards first, then examples, and finally verbal direction. However, things aren’t that simple when it comes to building teams and motivating groups, especially in the workplace.

In this follow-up edition, they discuss how to structure rewards at work for the best long-term results.

How To Influence Behavior
8:20
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:20
How To Influence Behavior

When thinking about what drives human behavior there is what we say, what we do, and then what we reward. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, people tend to respond to these things in reverse order.

Embodied Empathy
8:13
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:13
Embodied Empathy

You’ve heard the saying, “walk a mile in someone else’s shoes.” But does that literally mean you have to put yourself in someone’s position in order to understand where they are coming from? According to a study published in The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, it just might.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the study, and what it means for how and why when we try to see things from another’s point of view we are more likely to empathize with them on a few different levels.

 

Sequels
8:16
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:16
Sequels

We may think that we prefer something brand-new to something we’ve seen before, but the truth is we are more likely to enjoy things we are familiar with.

In this edition of Two Guys On Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind why we like sequels.

Online Sharing
8:25
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:25
Online Sharing

There are many places to air your grievances online, and you might think that the rant itself makes you feel better, and you would be half right.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, sharing your problems and interacting with problem solving strategies online can give you the tools you need to deal with issues more effectively in daily life, and helping others with their affairs can get our minds off our own.

Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)
8:04
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:04
Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)

Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it?

When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to mind. This lack of creative flow is further exacerbated by anxiety over the lack of production – making it a self-perpetuating cycle that can lead to stagnation.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the ins and outs of how and why we sometimes get stuck – and what we can do to help ourselves in those difficult situations.

The key to avoiding writer’s block is to understand and remember one simple fact in particular: writing is a process.

Often, people who face writer’s block hold a false belief that the examples of good writing – the masterpieces of literary accomplishment – somehow emerged from the author fully formed. Since a novice writer’s early attempts to produce a draft might not meet their expectations of perfection, they might consider themselves a failure – all before they’ve even fully attempted the work.

Essentially, writer’s block is editing before the work is done. You have to start somewhere. To avoid writer’s block, just write. Get something down and from there you can start to revise it, which is how the work begins.

Saying No
7:59
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:59
Saying No

We’ve done shows on the importance of being open to new opportunities; in short saying yes. And while saying yes is very important, we might be too prone toward saying yes to things when we should be saying no.

Why is hard to say no? Why don’t we take into account the opportunity cost when we’re considering our options?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to practice saying no, and why it matters.

 

Metrics
8:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:34
Metrics

Data is great, but it can’t tell you everything you need to know. So why do we love it so much?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the upsides and the downsides of metrics.

Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)
1:03:51
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 1:03:51
Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)

Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy along with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke as they talk about how we make sense of randomness in our lives, why we have a hard time processing statistics, and why our brains like to connect the dots.

Post-Project Depression
8:15
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:15
Post-Project Depression

Many soon-to-be graduates might be asking themselves, “what do I do now?”

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to deal with the lows that come after you complete a major goal.

Suppressing Anger
8:02
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:02
Suppressing Anger

There are a lot of metaphors that give us a picture of what anger is and how it affects our health. We may “bottle things up,” which causes us to get “hot” and need to “blow off steam.” However accurate they may feel to us at the time, they mask healthy ways to deal with anger and effectively influence behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke answer a listener question about suppressing anger.

Hate
8:05
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:05
Hate

What is the point of hate? It feels bad, it causes all kinds of problems, and it destroys relationships. So why did hate persist as we evolved?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of hate.

Being Late
8:40
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:40
Being Late

Have you ever wondered why some people are always punctual, even early, and other are perpetually late? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about some of the psychology behind synchronizing our cultural and personal “clocks”, and how to put yourself in a less anxious space no matter who you are.

 

Picture Taking
8:05
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:05
Picture Taking

You might think that cell phones make everything worse. We can’t remember phone numbers anymore, we are addicted to checking texts and emails, and we end up taking thousands of crappy pictures each month. What good can ever come of this?

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, it’s not all bad. We may actually be remembering more moments because of the photos we’re taking and the way we’re engaging with the world through our phones. But then again, there is more to any story, and the jury is still out on this one.

 

Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?
57:57
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 57:57
Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?

Teaming up with the Elisabet Ney Museum, KUT & Views & Brew‘s Rebecca McInroy and Dr. Art Markman & Dr. Bob Duke of Two Guys On Your Head consider the eternal question posed by Ney’s husband in 1890 “Are We Conscious Automata?”  What can psychology teach us about notions of determinism vs. free will? Is there such a thing as a rational being?

Breathing
7:59
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:59
Breathing

When we think of all the things we’re sold to reduce stress in our lives, the one that will actually work is free-breathing. So why don’t we utilize our ability to change our physiology through slowing down and taking deep breaths more often?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about breathing and the brain.

Starstruck
8:02
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:02
Starstruck

Have you ever caught sight of a celebrity or someone you consider to be a “star” and, even though you are a completely intelligent, interesting, and charismatic person, you turn to mush when you say hello to them?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolution behind our weird interactions with celebrities, and the psychology of being starstruck.

V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption
1:03:38
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 1:03:38
V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy to talk about the psychology of uncertainty and how disruption can be a good thing.

Brain Games (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:34
Brain Games (Rebroadcast)

You can go to the gym and work out your quads, or your biceps, or your balance and isolate those muscle groups to focus improvement of those areas of function with work.

So it’s not too far of a stretch to assume if we exercise specific areas of our brains might we see improvement in functions as well, right?  Unfortunately, it’s not quite so simple.

But have so many brain-training systems like Lumosity become so popular?

On this week’s show, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke will demystify the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs.

Reading Minds
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:34
Reading Minds

Psychics have something going on, but that’s not what we’re talking about here. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we think people can read our minds, why they can’t, and how we can have better interactions by recognizing what we need and asking for what we want.

Numbers
7:55
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:55
Numbers

A lot of us can listen to a newscast or a lecture about, global warming or the federal budget, and hear numbers in the trillions mentioned and think we know what is being discussed. We might even come out with a sense that we learned something about said numbers.

Yet, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, it is really very difficult for the average human being to conceive of what numbers really mean, or how they might affect our lives. But there is hope.

Privacy
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:34
Privacy

Understanding what we want to make public and what we want to keep private might seem like an easy choice, however as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, when it comes to life on-line our brains aren’t quite equip to navigate the complexity of this issue.

Coincidence (Rebroadcast)
7:35
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:35
Coincidence (Rebroadcast)

Have you ever thought of a friend you haven’t seen in a long time only to run into them the same day? Have you ever thought of a historical figure and had that same person be a clue in the New York Times crossword puzzle?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the psychology behind coincidence and why looking at the world through a more mathematical lens might help people see things differently.

Enculturation
7:58
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:58
Enculturation

What one person might term enculturation another might term brainwashing, but no matter what you call it, in psychology it’s pretty much the same thing.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of enculturation.

Fake News
7:57
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:57
Fake News

Whether or not you’re shocked by the plethora of fake news, you might be surprised to learn that such information–fake or not–does have unexpected effects on the way you see the world.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of fake news.

Choice (Rebroadcast)
7:48
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:48
Choice (Rebroadcast)

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make — number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience
7:36
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:36
Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke continue to talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think. Things that have to do specifically personality, gender and openness to experience.

Saying “Yes”
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:34
Saying “Yes”

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think.

Memorization
7:49
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:49
Memorization

There are so many fascinating aspects of what we remember and what we forget, but one we rarely ask about is what is the point of memorization. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to store poems, math facts and more in long-term memory.

The Generation Effect
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:34
The Generation Effect

We might think that when we hear or read something we learn it, but that assumption would be incorrect. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke point out in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head we have to work to produce ideas in order to really understand them.

Curiosity
7:46
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:46
Curiosity

When we are born we know very little about the world and need to learn in order to survive, hence the propensity for curiosity. However some people are just more curious than others, so why is this? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of curiosity.

 

 

Thinking Vs. Doing
7:58
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:58
Thinking Vs. Doing

When we are ready to get something done we’re in “doing” mode, and when we are contemplating what we want to do we are in “thinking” mode. This seems easy enough to understand. So why do we rush into making decisions that don’t turn out to be so great? Or why do we sit on our heels when we should be getting things done?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can optimize our motivational modes for more effective, and rational decision making.

Counterfactuals
7:59
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:59
Counterfactuals

Humans have an innate ability to imagine the unimaginable. More often than not, this manifests in everyday situations – “woulda, coulda, shoulda” sort of situations – like whether you would’ve been late to that job interview, if you hadn’t done x, y or z. Those imaginings are called counterfactuals.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of counterfactuals, and how taking time to recognize and use these tools we have at our disposal can make us happier and healthier people.

Bullying
7:45
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:45
Bullying

People don’t feel that great when their locus of control is compromised, and that’s pretty much what bullying is all about. So why does bullying exist and how does it function?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bullying.

Kindness
8:18
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:18
Kindness

We might think that human beings are innately kind or innately cruel, as it turns out neither is fully true. Kindness is one of those things that is a learned behavior. The more we practice kindness the more we, and others around us, tend to practice the same behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of kindness.

Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:34
Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)

If you live in the modern world – as you most likely do – you’re probably seen it: two people standing next to each other, engrossed in text conversations happening on their mobile devices, while oblivious to each other or anything else happening around them.

Does that common occurrence make you reminisce about the good old days of landlines? You’re not alone. Many people pine for simplicity in this new world of immediate contact – all possible through our nifty mobile gadgets.

You can never be out of reach, never out of touch – and yet, you can stay constantly isolated in your own mobile, virtual world, blissfully unengaged in real time interaction with live people around you.

How does this new technology of immediate mobile contact influence and affect our relationships with real people, in real time, in real life?

Well, there’s benefits and drawbacks. As usual, the Two Guys on Your Head have some interesting insight.

Election Results 2016
8:27
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:27
Election Results 2016

No matter which party you voted for last Tuesday, this election has revealed a lot about the psychology of our country. There is a lot of anger, alienation, and fear on both sides and it will take hard work to recover and move forward.

We might not be ready to do so now, and that is okay. We are all feeling the effects of the aftermath, and it can be tough to get a sense of perspective; in either victory or defeat.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, offer a few words of advice on how we can repair, forgive, and move on.

The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live
1:09:16
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 1:09:16
The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live

Everything from what motivates people to vote, to why we’re much more politically polarized today than we’ve ever been. In this discussion, KUT’s Two Guys on Your Head (Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke) joins KUT’s Rebecca McInroy  and The Annette Strauss Institute for Civic Life to take a look at “The Psychology of Civic Engagement.”

Polarization
8:09
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:09
Polarization

Have we evolved into a nation of extremes? In an election season like this one (as if we’ve ever seen anything like this) we may think that there is no middle ground, and there’s a reason for that.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we’ve become more polarized politically in the last 30 years.

Voting
8:30
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:30
Voting

We get it, voting requires effort and it’s a choice, but that doesn’t predispose it to being something people just don’t do, so why don’t more people go to the polls when it comes to voting?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology of voting.

Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)
7:36
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:36
Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?
You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse – you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Popularity
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:34
Popularity

We might consider ourselves pretty savvy. We choose the “best” toothpaste, bottled water, or television set. We go to the movies we “want” to see, and listen to the music we like because it’s “good”. What we might not take into consideration is how popularity fits into our value judgments about everything, from people and products to ideas and beliefs.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of popularity.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]
48:18
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 48:18
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Two.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]
25:50
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 25:50
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Three.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]
56:05
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 56:05
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part Two.

Link to Part Three.

Value
7:24
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:24
Value

We humans are interesting animals. We may take for granted the card we swipe  at the grocery store when we buy food. We might look at our bank balance and not even think of how unique it is that we can translate those little numbers into experiences and things. It’s merely one of the benefits of having big brains.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of how our brains determine value.

Home
8:10
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:10
Home

When we suffer the loss of a home, we may ask why the trauma is so deep. Why are we so devastated by the loss of “things”? A listener asked us this very question on Facebook after she lost her home in the Bastrop County fires of 2011.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of home, and how losing a home affects many aspects of our being.

Fear and Motivation
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:20
Fear and Motivation

When we are afraid we typically act! We run away, we shout, we lash out, we do. Fear is a great motivator, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, there is a downside to acting out of fear alone.

Dissonance and Behavior
7:33
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:33
Dissonance and Behavior

How does dissonance effect behavior? In this episode Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke use the example of climate change to  explore how we deal with dissonance in our lives and beliefs.

Bias and Behavior
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:20
Bias and Behavior

It’s no secret that this political season is a display of some interesting human behavior, and we’ve had a lot of listener questions about how biases form, the psychological impact of heated rhetoric, and what is going on “under the surface” of the American public?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychology can inform our discussions and debates as we try to swim through the murky waters of the modern American political campaign 2016.

Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:34
Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)

“Working to achieve something can be great, as long as we enjoy the process of working to achieve something.” -Art Markman

So you just got that raise you’ve been working toward, and a new project starts tomorrow, and you’re making great money, but — you don’t really like the work. You’re moving up, but you’re not happy. It might be time to re-evaluate your situation, and maybe get on a different proverbial treadmill.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

TED Talks
8:21
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:21
TED Talks

TED Talks! Love ’em or hate ’em they may be changing the way we approach science. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what it is about these captivating orations.

I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:34
I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)

We value brains. We hold test scores in high esteem. We spend money and hours on brain training games and ginseng. But what does intelligence really mean? How do we define and gauge actual smarts? Does a high IQ predict success?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the history and development of intelligence tests; as well as what these tests can actually tell us about one’s ability to achieve.

It turns out that intelligence can be a dangerous label when thinking about the ongoing, dynamic, interconnected process that is our brain. Once we label something as intelligent we ignore that a lot goes into how we create, solve problems and overcome obstacles.

So next time you’re tempted (or forced) to take an intelligence test, don’t stress, they don’t tell the whole story of what you’re capable of.

Politeness
7:48
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:48
Politeness

Why say “please” and “thank you”? It turns out there’s a lot more to it than just having good manners.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology and purpose of politeness.

Pet Peeves
8:32
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:32
Pet Peeves

Things may really annoy you, but when do they hit that sweet spot where you become fond of them? When do they become your pets?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of pet peeves.

Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness
20:25
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 20:25
Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness

In this new feature, we are offering to podcast listeners only, we respond to listener comments about recent shows we did on hearing loss and another on happiness.

If you have questions or comments please email us at twoguys@kut.org. Thanks!

Omission Bias
8:33
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:33
Omission Bias

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about omission bias.

Plagiarism
7:55
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:55
Plagiarism

“Thou shalt not steal” might be an old concept, but when it comes to ideas we’re still in the infant stages of understanding how theft works. So we might ask, “why does it matter if someone plagiarizes someone else? It’s not like I took an object from someone else.”

It turns out, it’s a big deal. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why.

Hope and Motivation
7:42
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:42
Hope and Motivation

Does hope actually motivate us to change? A listener sent in this question and we thought we would explore the answer.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how effective hope is when we want change.

Hearing Loss
8:22
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 8:22
Hearing Loss

Hearing loss happens to everyone who’s lucky enough to age. But it’s not like just any other age related illness, mainly because you and others around you, might not know it’s happening.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what makes hearing loss so insidious, and why it’s important to be open about hearing loss if you know you have it, so you don’t lose out on vital social opportunities.

Emotional Contagion
7:44
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:44
Emotional Contagion

Have you ever wondered why when you are around happy people, you feel happier, and when you’re around sad people you feel a little sadder? Emotions can be contagious, just like the flu. However, recent studies show that the way we emit and convey emotion is more complex than we might think.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about emotional contagion.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind both sides of America’s ongoing debate about firearms and gun control.

Feeling Age
7:37
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:37
Feeling Age

The psychology of feeling age in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Speed Reading
7:30
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:30
Speed Reading

Speed reading! “Now this sounds like a fantastic skill,” you might say to yourself. “Where can I learn how to do this?” Well that’s a little tricky, because the psychological research on reading and comprehension, so far concludes that it’s just not possible.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we read slowly, and why we might think we are speed reading when we’re really not.

Why We Make Rules
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:20
Why We Make Rules

We might take rules for granted. For example, we all know that 55 mph means 62 mph, and that crosswalks are for leisure time–just kidding. But, seriously, do we ever wonder why we make rules in the first place?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why we make rules, and why it’s important to talk about it.

Rule Breakers
7:26
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:26
Rule Breakers

“Why do some people think that the rules don’t apply to them?” That is a question one listener tweeted us a few weeks ago. It turns out that the idea of rules and rule breaking opens up a Pandora’s Box of complexities that it’s gonna take more than one show to unpack.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on a few of the psychological issues around rules.

Parenting Adult Children
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:20
Parenting Adult Children

Figuring out how the nature of relationships changes over time can be tough, especially for kids and their parents.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman talk about the challenges of parenting your kids as they transition into adulthood, and what to do to make this easier and mutually beneficial.

Money and Happiness
7:45
2017-09-21 13:58:47 UTC 7:45
Money and Happiness

Some might say that as long as you have your needs covered, the amount of money you have is irrelevant to your happiness. While for others, money has a lot to do with well-being. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this show, the ratio of money to happiness has more to do with you, than with what’s in your wallet.

SXSW2016 Live
51:50
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 51:50
SXSW2016 Live

In this special SXSW edition of Two Guys on Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the myth of invention and the process of creativity.

Memory, Imagination, and Happiness
7:49
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:49
Memory, Imagination, and Happiness

When it comes to imagination and happiness, it turns out there’s a lot going on. If you think, as William Arthur Ward said, “If you can imagine it, you can achieve it; if you can dream it, you can become it,” you might be in for a surprise when it comes to well-being.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to manage our exceptions and goals, and enjoy the moments in the process of becoming, in order live happier lives.

Imagination and Change
7:33
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:33
Imagination and Change

Have you ever been in a situation that you just can’t see your way out of? Have you ever been stuck on a path you did not want to follow? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can practice gaining experiences that can help us imagine different possibilities for a future we never knew we wanted, to get out of a present we’re not happy with.

Ending Relationships
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Ending Relationships

Why is it so hard to get out of a relationship that just isn’t working? It might be a job that you don’t like, or a friendship or partnership that is not okay. You want out, but can’t seem to cut the ties.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about some of the psychology behind why it can be tough to get out, and what to do about it.

Defining Gender
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Defining Gender

The science, the politics, and the general understanding of gender here in the US has evolved dramatically over the last 30 years, but what does that mean for how we understand ourselves and others differently through time. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychologically understanding changing definitions of gender.

Innovation and Creativity
7:27
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:27
Innovation and Creativity

A talk about memory, innovation, creativity and productivity, live at SXSW 2016, with Dr. Art Markman, Dr. Bob Duke and Rebecca McInroy.

Flexibility
7:38
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:38
Flexibility

When the unexpected happens, some people shut down, while others are cool as cucumbers. We might think that the people who handle crisis well, are just born that way, perhaps they are just flexible.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how the more you know, and the more experiences you have help you to become a more flexible person, and why it’s important to learn to deal calmly with whatever comes your way.

Applying For Jobs
7:23
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:23
Applying For Jobs

We might think that as long as we have great test scores, the right degree, or certain awards, that we are a shoe-in for that job we just applied for. But the truth is you could have all of that and more and still not get the job. That’s because so many of the factors that are taken into consideration when employers or administrators are sifting through applications, has very little to do with actual qualifications.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about what matters, and what doesn’t, when it comes to your application. Yes, they give some tips on how to “get the job” but the most important thing to remember, whether you get it or not, is that a lot is just out of your hands.

 

Swearing
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Swearing

Should you let your kids swear like sailors, or should you put the hammer down? Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind swearing and raising kids.

Gift Giving
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Gift Giving

Why do we give gifts? Why can giving gifts be stressful? What are the gifts that really matter? What are the gifts that people will remember?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the psychology of gift giving.

Confession
7:53
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:53
Confession

Why do we confess when we feel bad about something we’ve done or haven’t done? What is the evolutionary benefit of confession? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explore the psychology of confession.

Reciprocity
7:36
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:36
Reciprocity

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of reciprocity.

Circadian Rhythms
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Circadian Rhythms

The regularity of the Earth’s dark-light cycle is why all creatures, humans included, have biological clocks. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about Circadian Rhythms.

Low Information Decision Making
8:13
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 8:13
Low Information Decision Making

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about low information decision making.

Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion
1:05:00
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 1:05:00
Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion

In this special live Views & Brews edition of Two Guys On Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the psychology of choice and decision making.

Decision Making And Happiness
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Decision Making And Happiness

Decision making and happiness, how one influences the other, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Choice
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Choice

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make; number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Accountability
7:48
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:48
Accountability

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of accountability.

Resolutions
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Resolutions

It’s that time of the year when we resolve to drink less, exercise more, save money, etc.

It may feel really good to intend to do “better” in the new year, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, real change takes planning and hard work.

Why is that? It turns out we have no idea why we do most of the things we do on a daily basis. And as long as our behaviors are driven by factors that operate below our conscious awareness, we may not know how to change.

As the Two Guys point out, effective change can happen when we start from the outside in. When we look at our environments first we can make space and cultivate relationships that help us become best selves.

Getting Lost
7:45
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:45
Getting Lost

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychological value of “getting lost”, and the beauty of discovery.

Tradition
7:25
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:25
Tradition

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of tradition.

Punishment
7:46
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:46
Punishment

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of punishment.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of guns.

Xenophobia
7:37
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:37
Xenophobia

In this episode of Two Guys On Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of xenophobia.

How To Exit Converations
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
How To Exit Converations

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to exit conversations, and keep group discussions from being co-opted.

Reference Points
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Reference Points

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we make value judgments based on reference points.

Framing Effects
7:26
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:26
Framing Effects

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the why how we say something is as important, if not more important than, what we say.

Gestalt Principles And Language Development
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles And Language Development

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about understanding the difference between Behaviorism and Gestalt Psychology by looking at theories of language development.

Gestalt Principles
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about “gestalt principles.”

Desire
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Desire

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of desire.

Why We Tell Ghost Stories
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Ghost Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how telling ghost stories can be good for us.

Why We Tell Stories
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why our brains make sense of the world through stories, and what problems this can cause.

Rethinking Work For a Happier Life
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Rethinking Work For a Happier Life

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to rethink your work week for a happier life.

Days Of The Week
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Days Of The Week

This week we talk about why certain days of the week “feel” differently than others, and what we can do to help ourselves optimize each day.

Reading and Child’s Brain
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Reading and Child’s Brain

What’s going on inside a child’s brain when you read to them? Get a little insight in this week’s episode of Two Guys.

Rewarding Mediocrity
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Rewarding Mediocrity

The ups and downs of rewards that praise participation in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Expectations, Goals, and Happiness
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Expectations, Goals, and Happiness

Why is it that we’re not always as happy as we think we should be when we accomplish our goals? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

The Value of Failure
8:00
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 8:00
The Value of Failure

Failure is a word that carries a lot of baggage, arousing emotional responses that we’d usually rather avoid.

What about success? Why does the thought of success conjure images and feelings of comfort and satisfaction. This week, “Two Guys on Your Head” examine how the heights of success and the “training wheels” of failure impact our everyday lives.

We’re wired with a dopamine reward system that releases positive or negative chemical affect in our brains depending upon the success or failure of our efforts.  Success feels good, while failure feels bad.  So we tend to seek success and avoid failure. It’s simple.

But, how can you determine how much exertion to expend toward reaching a particular goal if you’ve never failed at something?  You might just run yourself into the ground trying to avoid failure, but it’s better to let failure experiences happen and serve to help you gauge your efforts.

Failure is a learning mechanism, like training wheels on a bicycle.  Our little mistakes serve to build up a framework of experience that allows us to more proficiently navigate our lives.

The fear of failure is a very challenging obstacle to overcome.  To some, fear of failure can be immobilizing.  When we legislate ourselves rigidly against the negative feelings aroused by the experience of a mistake, we are short-changing ourselves. Failure-driven learning mechanisms are not being utilized because our society reinforces a desire to avoid mistakes.

The Yuck Factor
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
The Yuck Factor

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the “yuck factor” and morality.

Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the complex metabolic system that goes into how we eat and process food, and the benefits of food rituals and eating together, not only on our bodies, but on our brains as well.

V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!
1:07:46
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 1:07:46
V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!

In this episode of Views & Brews, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Two Guys On Your Head’s Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about the psychology of living the good life, and planning for death.  We’ll discuss why it’s so difficult to confront end-of-life concerns with your loved ones and your doctor, and we’ll offer some strategies that might help ease the pain of these difficult conversations.

Virtual Therapy
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Virtual Therapy

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the purposes of therapy and provide some perspective on the roles virtual therapy can and can’t fill.

The Imposter Syndrome
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
The Imposter Syndrome

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about The Imposter Syndrome. What is the real problem when you feel inadequate? How can you help yourself overcome it when you recognize it?

Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, conclude our series on pain with a discussion on some interesting findings in psychology as to how pain killers work in the brain, and they talk about the cultural and biological evolution of inflicting pain as retribution.

Emotional Pain and Memory
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Emotional Pain and Memory

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, add to the series on pain and the brain, with a discussion on emotional pain and memory.

Phantom Pain
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Phantom Pain

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, kick off our three-part series on “Pain and The Brain” with a discussion of “Phantom Pain”. What it is, and how psychologists are finding new ways of helping patients who suffer with it.

Summer and Time
7:14
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:14
Summer and Time

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about organizing time to make the most of time off.

Teaching The Process of Science
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Teaching The Process of Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why it’s more important to teach the process of science, as opposed to just the outcomes science has produced.

Communicating Science
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Communicating Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about thinking scientifically, and some of the problems with communicating science to the general public.

Seeing and Perception
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Seeing and Perception

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how we see with our brains, and some problems that can cause.

Defiance
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Defiance

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of defiance.

Egocentric Bias
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Egocentric Bias

Why do think we contribute more in a group situation than we actually do? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of egocentric bias. It can be pretty destructive, but not necessarily in ways we predict.

Reading vs. Listening
7:33
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:33
Reading vs. Listening

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how our brains process information differently based on the mode of consumption.

Bonus: Gender and Negotiation
4:56
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 4:56
Bonus: Gender and Negotiation

Men and women can approach negotiation a lot differently and that can influence many aspects of their personal and professional lives. In this unedited bonus clip Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk a little bit about the role of gender in negotiation, and also a little bit about negotiation and children.

Negotiation
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Negotiation

Negotiations are everywhere, in almost every element of our daily lives, yet how do we understand negotiations? It turns out that the way we frame the idea of negotiation has a lot to do with how we understand value and happiness.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various elements of negotiation.

The Economics of Our Relationships
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
The Economics of Our Relationships

What is the value of our relationships?

As it turns out, the way we answer that question defines the relationship itself.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the various ways we understand the economics of the relationships in our lives, and why the value of community should never be underestimated.

Bias & Diversity
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Bias & Diversity

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bias, and the importance of diversity.

How To Catch a Liar
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
How To Catch a Liar

There’s no such thing as a “tell”. For example, when people look up, fidget or stutter they might just be nervous, and not exactly lying. However, because we rely on the truth to make our culture go round, it might make our lives easier if we could just spot a liar out of the crowd.

As it turns out you can tell if people are telling the truth or not, but it takes some skill, time and knowledge.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about lying, and a new study that reveals a more accurate way to catch someone in a lie.

Sleep and Age
7:33
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:33
Sleep and Age

Do we need less sleep as we age? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between sleep, age and cognitive decline.

The Placebo Effect
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
The Placebo Effect

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how and why placebos can make us feel better.

Rose Colored Glasses
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Rose Colored Glasses

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about all the factors that go in to why we attracted to certain people, while others just rub us the wrong way from the beginning.

Coincidence
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Coincidence

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology behind the phenomenon of coincidences.

Paranioa
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Paranioa

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, discuss what paranoia is, how we can help ourselves keep from spiraling into a paranoid thought process, and why paranoia manifests itself differently in different cultures.

Tempering The Tantrum
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Tempering The Tantrum

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on temper tantrums.

Amnesia
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Amnesia

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various aspects of amnesia.

Tongue Twisters and Rhymes
7:20
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:20
Tongue Twisters and Rhymes

Why rhymes are so appealing, and what makes for a good tongue twister, in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holiday Special
53:58
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 53:58
Holiday Special

Join us for a holiday special as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take us through questions about the link between freewill and gratitude, why we feel so compelled to recreate traditions exactly as we remember them, and why yawning is contagious. Plus, we’ll take a trip to The Thinkery with Dr. Cristine Legare.

It’s the holidays so let’s celebrate with Two Guys on Your Head!

The Interpertation of Memory
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
The Interpertation of Memory

How and why we misperceive how memory works in the brain, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?
7:33
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:33
Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?

For many of us, Thanksgiving means spending time with our families, carrying out traditions that we’ve practiced for years.

While it can be very stressful, messy, and challenging to spend time with family members you don’t see very often, it can also be a beautiful time of re-centering.

Traditions serve a psychological function. By repeating the same traditional activity with the same group of people over the years, we construct a chronological record of who we’ve been before – and who we are now. It’s a hidden way of staying in touch with the consistent elements of our identities, and it allows us to track ourselves as we develop and change.

Traditions give us an opportunity to become psychologically close to the person that we used to be in childhood, or adolescence – or even as recently as last year. And that’s something to be thankful for.

As always, Drs. Bob Duke and Art Markman are carving it up.

Why We Go To Extremes
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Why We Go To Extremes

From CrossFit to quilting, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the pros and cons of going to extremes.

How To Protect Your Brain As You Age
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
How To Protect Your Brain As You Age

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?

You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse –  you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Artificial Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Artificial Intelligence

The brief history of Artificial Intelligence in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Defining Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Defining Intelligence

How intelligence tests were developed and why, and what they do and don’t tell us about our ability to achieve success, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Why We Laugh At Fear
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Why We Laugh At Fear

Why we respond to uncomfortable situations with humor, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Responding To Ebola
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Responding To Ebola

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind our response to threats like Ebola.

The Psychology of Happiness
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
The Psychology of Happiness

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what goes into our ability to naturally be happy, and how we can influence our perspective to feel more positive.

Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolutionary basis for our attraction to kitten videos, and why they’re not so bad to consume in moderation.

Brain Training Games
7:34
2017-09-21 13:58:48 UTC 7:34
Brain Training Games

Demystifying the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs, in this week’s show with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go
7:33
2017-09-21 14:14:14 UTC 7:33
Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go

A traumatic event in life is like a scratch on a record. Every time the record player, or your mind, runs over the scratch, it skips. This skipping record thought pattern is called rumination. Until we’re able to fill the scratch, it will keep skipping. So how do we fill the scratch, move on and heal? On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the various ways we live with and explain grief, and they offer some strategies that might help it make sense.

The Value of Understanding
8:17
2017-09-21 14:14:14 UTC 8:17
The Value of Understanding

As gratifying as applied research is, to set out to answer a specific research question, it’s not always the best way to come up with new ideas, discover new things, and develop understanding. For these things you need basic research or just a curiosity about the world and how it works.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about on this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, developing and valuing understanding, as opposed to the bottom line, is an important part of uncovering what we don’t even know we don’t know.

 

Pronouns
8:04
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:04
Pronouns

When it comes to language, the psychology around how we use words is as interesting and as consequential as the words themselves.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of closed classed words in English like pronouns, determiners, conjunctions, and prepositions, and why it’s so hard for us to change them.

Painkillers (Rebroadcast)
8:14
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:14
Painkillers (Rebroadcast)

The high reliance on painkillers by the medical community has become an increasingly controversial topic.  For patients, that reliance can easily transform a treatment into an addiction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between pain and the brain. And they touch on the evolution of pain as retribution, both biologically and culturally.

Nouns
8:30
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:30
Nouns

Popular linguistic theories like, Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, give us the idea that language determines how and what we think. However, looking at the psychology behind how we use language points in another direction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how nouns can teach us a lot about how our brains create and influence how we use language.

Unintended Consequences Of Policy
8:37
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:37
Unintended Consequences Of Policy

On average most policies are put in place to help people, protect people, or regulate dangerous behavior, so why don’t these policies work?

In the most recent episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the unintended consequences of policy, and how psychology can help us discover what policies work. And why. And why not.

Struggling vs. Suffering
8:04
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:04
Struggling vs. Suffering

Struggle has a way of defining us. But while we often use struggles to teach lessons and build resilience, a struggle without a purpose doesn’t always yield positive results.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the difference between struggling and suffering, and why it matters.

Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)
8:15
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:15
Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)

Most people feel in over their heads when they first enter a challenging situation or even a new job. And, while conventional wisdom suggests those with trepidations about trying new things should “fake it ’til they make it,” it may not always be the best course of action.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman discuss what’s known as “imposter syndrome” — the practice of pretending to be the person you want people to see you as rather than who you truly are — and explain why it may just be better to just start working towards your goals instead of faking it.

Humiliation
7:54
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:54
Humiliation

Humiliation can make us feel small and insignificant, so why do humans humiliate one another?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of humiliation and how you can make choices in your life to prevent you from feeling humiliated when the bullies strike.

Scientific Terminology
8:39
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:39
Scientific Terminology

One of the reasons it’s so difficult to relate scientific findings to the general public is because the same words literally take on different meanings in those realms.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke deconstruct two such terms–significance and theory– and talk about why knowing how they’re used in a scientific context can help us better to understand the scientific process as well.

Rewarding In The Workplace
8:29
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:29
Rewarding In The Workplace

In our last episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talked about how to influence behavior using rewards first, then examples, and finally verbal direction. However, things aren’t that simple when it comes to building teams and motivating groups, especially in the workplace.

In this follow-up edition, they discuss how to structure rewards at work for the best long-term results.

How To Influence Behavior
8:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:20
How To Influence Behavior

When thinking about what drives human behavior there is what we say, what we do, and then what we reward. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, people tend to respond to these things in reverse order.

Embodied Empathy
8:13
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:13
Embodied Empathy

You’ve heard the saying, “walk a mile in someone else’s shoes.” But does that literally mean you have to put yourself in someone’s position in order to understand where they are coming from? According to a study published in The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, it just might.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the study, and what it means for how and why when we try to see things from another’s point of view we are more likely to empathize with them on a few different levels.

 

Sequels
8:16
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:16
Sequels

We may think that we prefer something brand-new to something we’ve seen before, but the truth is we are more likely to enjoy things we are familiar with.

In this edition of Two Guys On Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind why we like sequels.

Online Sharing
8:25
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:25
Online Sharing

There are many places to air your grievances online, and you might think that the rant itself makes you feel better, and you would be half right.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, sharing your problems and interacting with problem solving strategies online can give you the tools you need to deal with issues more effectively in daily life, and helping others with their affairs can get our minds off our own.

Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)
8:04
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:04
Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)

Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it?

When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to mind. This lack of creative flow is further exacerbated by anxiety over the lack of production – making it a self-perpetuating cycle that can lead to stagnation.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the ins and outs of how and why we sometimes get stuck – and what we can do to help ourselves in those difficult situations.

The key to avoiding writer’s block is to understand and remember one simple fact in particular: writing is a process.

Often, people who face writer’s block hold a false belief that the examples of good writing – the masterpieces of literary accomplishment – somehow emerged from the author fully formed. Since a novice writer’s early attempts to produce a draft might not meet their expectations of perfection, they might consider themselves a failure – all before they’ve even fully attempted the work.

Essentially, writer’s block is editing before the work is done. You have to start somewhere. To avoid writer’s block, just write. Get something down and from there you can start to revise it, which is how the work begins.

Saying No
7:59
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:59
Saying No

We’ve done shows on the importance of being open to new opportunities; in short saying yes. And while saying yes is very important, we might be too prone toward saying yes to things when we should be saying no.

Why is hard to say no? Why don’t we take into account the opportunity cost when we’re considering our options?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to practice saying no, and why it matters.

 

Metrics
8:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:34
Metrics

Data is great, but it can’t tell you everything you need to know. So why do we love it so much?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the upsides and the downsides of metrics.

Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)
1:03:51
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 1:03:51
Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)

Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy along with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke as they talk about how we make sense of randomness in our lives, why we have a hard time processing statistics, and why our brains like to connect the dots.

Post-Project Depression
8:15
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:15
Post-Project Depression

Many soon-to-be graduates might be asking themselves, “what do I do now?”

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to deal with the lows that come after you complete a major goal.

Suppressing Anger
8:02
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:02
Suppressing Anger

There are a lot of metaphors that give us a picture of what anger is and how it affects our health. We may “bottle things up,” which causes us to get “hot” and need to “blow off steam.” However accurate they may feel to us at the time, they mask healthy ways to deal with anger and effectively influence behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke answer a listener question about suppressing anger.

Hate
8:05
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:05
Hate

What is the point of hate? It feels bad, it causes all kinds of problems, and it destroys relationships. So why did hate persist as we evolved?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of hate.

Being Late
8:40
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:40
Being Late

Have you ever wondered why some people are always punctual, even early, and other are perpetually late? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about some of the psychology behind synchronizing our cultural and personal “clocks”, and how to put yourself in a less anxious space no matter who you are.

 

Picture Taking
8:05
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:05
Picture Taking

You might think that cell phones make everything worse. We can’t remember phone numbers anymore, we are addicted to checking texts and emails, and we end up taking thousands of crappy pictures each month. What good can ever come of this?

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, it’s not all bad. We may actually be remembering more moments because of the photos we’re taking and the way we’re engaging with the world through our phones. But then again, there is more to any story, and the jury is still out on this one.

 

Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?
57:57
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 57:57
Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?

Teaming up with the Elisabet Ney Museum, KUT & Views & Brew‘s Rebecca McInroy and Dr. Art Markman & Dr. Bob Duke of Two Guys On Your Head consider the eternal question posed by Ney’s husband in 1890 “Are We Conscious Automata?”  What can psychology teach us about notions of determinism vs. free will? Is there such a thing as a rational being?

Breathing
7:59
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:59
Breathing

When we think of all the things we’re sold to reduce stress in our lives, the one that will actually work is free-breathing. So why don’t we utilize our ability to change our physiology through slowing down and taking deep breaths more often?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about breathing and the brain.

Starstruck
8:02
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:02
Starstruck

Have you ever caught sight of a celebrity or someone you consider to be a “star” and, even though you are a completely intelligent, interesting, and charismatic person, you turn to mush when you say hello to them?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolution behind our weird interactions with celebrities, and the psychology of being starstruck.

V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption
1:03:38
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 1:03:38
V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy to talk about the psychology of uncertainty and how disruption can be a good thing.

Brain Games (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Brain Games (Rebroadcast)

You can go to the gym and work out your quads, or your biceps, or your balance and isolate those muscle groups to focus improvement of those areas of function with work.

So it’s not too far of a stretch to assume if we exercise specific areas of our brains might we see improvement in functions as well, right?  Unfortunately, it’s not quite so simple.

But have so many brain-training systems like Lumosity become so popular?

On this week’s show, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke will demystify the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs.

Reading Minds
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Reading Minds

Psychics have something going on, but that’s not what we’re talking about here. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we think people can read our minds, why they can’t, and how we can have better interactions by recognizing what we need and asking for what we want.

Numbers
7:55
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:55
Numbers

A lot of us can listen to a newscast or a lecture about, global warming or the federal budget, and hear numbers in the trillions mentioned and think we know what is being discussed. We might even come out with a sense that we learned something about said numbers.

Yet, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, it is really very difficult for the average human being to conceive of what numbers really mean, or how they might affect our lives. But there is hope.

Privacy
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Privacy

Understanding what we want to make public and what we want to keep private might seem like an easy choice, however as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, when it comes to life on-line our brains aren’t quite equip to navigate the complexity of this issue.

Coincidence (Rebroadcast)
7:35
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:35
Coincidence (Rebroadcast)

Have you ever thought of a friend you haven’t seen in a long time only to run into them the same day? Have you ever thought of a historical figure and had that same person be a clue in the New York Times crossword puzzle?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the psychology behind coincidence and why looking at the world through a more mathematical lens might help people see things differently.

Enculturation
7:58
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:58
Enculturation

What one person might term enculturation another might term brainwashing, but no matter what you call it, in psychology it’s pretty much the same thing.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of enculturation.

Fake News
7:57
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:57
Fake News

Whether or not you’re shocked by the plethora of fake news, you might be surprised to learn that such information–fake or not–does have unexpected effects on the way you see the world.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of fake news.

Choice (Rebroadcast)
7:48
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:48
Choice (Rebroadcast)

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make — number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience
7:36
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:36
Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke continue to talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think. Things that have to do specifically personality, gender and openness to experience.

Saying “Yes”
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Saying “Yes”

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think.

Memorization
7:49
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:49
Memorization

There are so many fascinating aspects of what we remember and what we forget, but one we rarely ask about is what is the point of memorization. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to store poems, math facts and more in long-term memory.

The Generation Effect
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
The Generation Effect

We might think that when we hear or read something we learn it, but that assumption would be incorrect. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke point out in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head we have to work to produce ideas in order to really understand them.

Curiosity
7:46
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:46
Curiosity

When we are born we know very little about the world and need to learn in order to survive, hence the propensity for curiosity. However some people are just more curious than others, so why is this? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of curiosity.

 

 

Thinking Vs. Doing
7:58
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:58
Thinking Vs. Doing

When we are ready to get something done we’re in “doing” mode, and when we are contemplating what we want to do we are in “thinking” mode. This seems easy enough to understand. So why do we rush into making decisions that don’t turn out to be so great? Or why do we sit on our heels when we should be getting things done?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can optimize our motivational modes for more effective, and rational decision making.

Counterfactuals
7:59
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:59
Counterfactuals

Humans have an innate ability to imagine the unimaginable. More often than not, this manifests in everyday situations – “woulda, coulda, shoulda” sort of situations – like whether you would’ve been late to that job interview, if you hadn’t done x, y or z. Those imaginings are called counterfactuals.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of counterfactuals, and how taking time to recognize and use these tools we have at our disposal can make us happier and healthier people.

Bullying
7:45
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:45
Bullying

People don’t feel that great when their locus of control is compromised, and that’s pretty much what bullying is all about. So why does bullying exist and how does it function?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bullying.

Kindness
8:18
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:18
Kindness

We might think that human beings are innately kind or innately cruel, as it turns out neither is fully true. Kindness is one of those things that is a learned behavior. The more we practice kindness the more we, and others around us, tend to practice the same behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of kindness.

Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)

If you live in the modern world – as you most likely do – you’re probably seen it: two people standing next to each other, engrossed in text conversations happening on their mobile devices, while oblivious to each other or anything else happening around them.

Does that common occurrence make you reminisce about the good old days of landlines? You’re not alone. Many people pine for simplicity in this new world of immediate contact – all possible through our nifty mobile gadgets.

You can never be out of reach, never out of touch – and yet, you can stay constantly isolated in your own mobile, virtual world, blissfully unengaged in real time interaction with live people around you.

How does this new technology of immediate mobile contact influence and affect our relationships with real people, in real time, in real life?

Well, there’s benefits and drawbacks. As usual, the Two Guys on Your Head have some interesting insight.

Election Results 2016
8:27
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:27
Election Results 2016

No matter which party you voted for last Tuesday, this election has revealed a lot about the psychology of our country. There is a lot of anger, alienation, and fear on both sides and it will take hard work to recover and move forward.

We might not be ready to do so now, and that is okay. We are all feeling the effects of the aftermath, and it can be tough to get a sense of perspective; in either victory or defeat.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, offer a few words of advice on how we can repair, forgive, and move on.

The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live
1:09:16
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 1:09:16
The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live

Everything from what motivates people to vote, to why we’re much more politically polarized today than we’ve ever been. In this discussion, KUT’s Two Guys on Your Head (Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke) joins KUT’s Rebecca McInroy  and The Annette Strauss Institute for Civic Life to take a look at “The Psychology of Civic Engagement.”

Polarization
8:09
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:09
Polarization

Have we evolved into a nation of extremes? In an election season like this one (as if we’ve ever seen anything like this) we may think that there is no middle ground, and there’s a reason for that.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we’ve become more polarized politically in the last 30 years.

Voting
8:30
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:30
Voting

We get it, voting requires effort and it’s a choice, but that doesn’t predispose it to being something people just don’t do, so why don’t more people go to the polls when it comes to voting?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology of voting.

Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)
7:36
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:36
Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?
You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse – you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Popularity
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Popularity

We might consider ourselves pretty savvy. We choose the “best” toothpaste, bottled water, or television set. We go to the movies we “want” to see, and listen to the music we like because it’s “good”. What we might not take into consideration is how popularity fits into our value judgments about everything, from people and products to ideas and beliefs.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of popularity.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]
48:18
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 48:18
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Two.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]
25:50
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 25:50
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Three.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]
56:05
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 56:05
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part Two.

Link to Part Three.

Value
7:24
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:24
Value

We humans are interesting animals. We may take for granted the card we swipe  at the grocery store when we buy food. We might look at our bank balance and not even think of how unique it is that we can translate those little numbers into experiences and things. It’s merely one of the benefits of having big brains.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of how our brains determine value.

Home
8:10
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:10
Home

When we suffer the loss of a home, we may ask why the trauma is so deep. Why are we so devastated by the loss of “things”? A listener asked us this very question on Facebook after she lost her home in the Bastrop County fires of 2011.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of home, and how losing a home affects many aspects of our being.

Fear and Motivation
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:20
Fear and Motivation

When we are afraid we typically act! We run away, we shout, we lash out, we do. Fear is a great motivator, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, there is a downside to acting out of fear alone.

Dissonance and Behavior
7:33
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:33
Dissonance and Behavior

How does dissonance effect behavior? In this episode Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke use the example of climate change to  explore how we deal with dissonance in our lives and beliefs.

Bias and Behavior
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:20
Bias and Behavior

It’s no secret that this political season is a display of some interesting human behavior, and we’ve had a lot of listener questions about how biases form, the psychological impact of heated rhetoric, and what is going on “under the surface” of the American public?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychology can inform our discussions and debates as we try to swim through the murky waters of the modern American political campaign 2016.

Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)

“Working to achieve something can be great, as long as we enjoy the process of working to achieve something.” -Art Markman

So you just got that raise you’ve been working toward, and a new project starts tomorrow, and you’re making great money, but — you don’t really like the work. You’re moving up, but you’re not happy. It might be time to re-evaluate your situation, and maybe get on a different proverbial treadmill.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

TED Talks
8:21
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:21
TED Talks

TED Talks! Love ’em or hate ’em they may be changing the way we approach science. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what it is about these captivating orations.

I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)

We value brains. We hold test scores in high esteem. We spend money and hours on brain training games and ginseng. But what does intelligence really mean? How do we define and gauge actual smarts? Does a high IQ predict success?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the history and development of intelligence tests; as well as what these tests can actually tell us about one’s ability to achieve.

It turns out that intelligence can be a dangerous label when thinking about the ongoing, dynamic, interconnected process that is our brain. Once we label something as intelligent we ignore that a lot goes into how we create, solve problems and overcome obstacles.

So next time you’re tempted (or forced) to take an intelligence test, don’t stress, they don’t tell the whole story of what you’re capable of.

Politeness
7:48
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:48
Politeness

Why say “please” and “thank you”? It turns out there’s a lot more to it than just having good manners.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology and purpose of politeness.

Pet Peeves
8:32
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:32
Pet Peeves

Things may really annoy you, but when do they hit that sweet spot where you become fond of them? When do they become your pets?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of pet peeves.

Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness
20:25
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 20:25
Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness

In this new feature, we are offering to podcast listeners only, we respond to listener comments about recent shows we did on hearing loss and another on happiness.

If you have questions or comments please email us at twoguys@kut.org. Thanks!

Omission Bias
8:33
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:33
Omission Bias

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about omission bias.

Plagiarism
7:55
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:55
Plagiarism

“Thou shalt not steal” might be an old concept, but when it comes to ideas we’re still in the infant stages of understanding how theft works. So we might ask, “why does it matter if someone plagiarizes someone else? It’s not like I took an object from someone else.”

It turns out, it’s a big deal. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why.

Hope and Motivation
7:42
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:42
Hope and Motivation

Does hope actually motivate us to change? A listener sent in this question and we thought we would explore the answer.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how effective hope is when we want change.

Hearing Loss
8:22
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:22
Hearing Loss

Hearing loss happens to everyone who’s lucky enough to age. But it’s not like just any other age related illness, mainly because you and others around you, might not know it’s happening.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what makes hearing loss so insidious, and why it’s important to be open about hearing loss if you know you have it, so you don’t lose out on vital social opportunities.

Emotional Contagion
7:44
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:44
Emotional Contagion

Have you ever wondered why when you are around happy people, you feel happier, and when you’re around sad people you feel a little sadder? Emotions can be contagious, just like the flu. However, recent studies show that the way we emit and convey emotion is more complex than we might think.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about emotional contagion.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind both sides of America’s ongoing debate about firearms and gun control.

Feeling Age
7:37
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:37
Feeling Age

The psychology of feeling age in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Speed Reading
7:30
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:30
Speed Reading

Speed reading! “Now this sounds like a fantastic skill,” you might say to yourself. “Where can I learn how to do this?” Well that’s a little tricky, because the psychological research on reading and comprehension, so far concludes that it’s just not possible.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we read slowly, and why we might think we are speed reading when we’re really not.

Why We Make Rules
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:20
Why We Make Rules

We might take rules for granted. For example, we all know that 55 mph means 62 mph, and that crosswalks are for leisure time–just kidding. But, seriously, do we ever wonder why we make rules in the first place?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why we make rules, and why it’s important to talk about it.

Rule Breakers
7:26
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:26
Rule Breakers

“Why do some people think that the rules don’t apply to them?” That is a question one listener tweeted us a few weeks ago. It turns out that the idea of rules and rule breaking opens up a Pandora’s Box of complexities that it’s gonna take more than one show to unpack.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on a few of the psychological issues around rules.

Parenting Adult Children
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:20
Parenting Adult Children

Figuring out how the nature of relationships changes over time can be tough, especially for kids and their parents.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman talk about the challenges of parenting your kids as they transition into adulthood, and what to do to make this easier and mutually beneficial.

Money and Happiness
7:45
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:45
Money and Happiness

Some might say that as long as you have your needs covered, the amount of money you have is irrelevant to your happiness. While for others, money has a lot to do with well-being. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this show, the ratio of money to happiness has more to do with you, than with what’s in your wallet.

SXSW2016 Live
51:50
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 51:50
SXSW2016 Live

In this special SXSW edition of Two Guys on Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the myth of invention and the process of creativity.

Memory, Imagination, and Happiness
7:49
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:49
Memory, Imagination, and Happiness

When it comes to imagination and happiness, it turns out there’s a lot going on. If you think, as William Arthur Ward said, “If you can imagine it, you can achieve it; if you can dream it, you can become it,” you might be in for a surprise when it comes to well-being.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to manage our exceptions and goals, and enjoy the moments in the process of becoming, in order live happier lives.

Imagination and Change
7:33
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:33
Imagination and Change

Have you ever been in a situation that you just can’t see your way out of? Have you ever been stuck on a path you did not want to follow? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can practice gaining experiences that can help us imagine different possibilities for a future we never knew we wanted, to get out of a present we’re not happy with.

Ending Relationships
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:20
Ending Relationships

Why is it so hard to get out of a relationship that just isn’t working? It might be a job that you don’t like, or a friendship or partnership that is not okay. You want out, but can’t seem to cut the ties.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about some of the psychology behind why it can be tough to get out, and what to do about it.

Defining Gender
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:20
Defining Gender

The science, the politics, and the general understanding of gender here in the US has evolved dramatically over the last 30 years, but what does that mean for how we understand ourselves and others differently through time. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychologically understanding changing definitions of gender.

Innovation and Creativity
7:27
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:27
Innovation and Creativity

A talk about memory, innovation, creativity and productivity, live at SXSW 2016, with Dr. Art Markman, Dr. Bob Duke and Rebecca McInroy.

Flexibility
7:38
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:38
Flexibility

When the unexpected happens, some people shut down, while others are cool as cucumbers. We might think that the people who handle crisis well, are just born that way, perhaps they are just flexible.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how the more you know, and the more experiences you have help you to become a more flexible person, and why it’s important to learn to deal calmly with whatever comes your way.

Applying For Jobs
7:23
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:23
Applying For Jobs

We might think that as long as we have great test scores, the right degree, or certain awards, that we are a shoe-in for that job we just applied for. But the truth is you could have all of that and more and still not get the job. That’s because so many of the factors that are taken into consideration when employers or administrators are sifting through applications, has very little to do with actual qualifications.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about what matters, and what doesn’t, when it comes to your application. Yes, they give some tips on how to “get the job” but the most important thing to remember, whether you get it or not, is that a lot is just out of your hands.

 

Swearing
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:20
Swearing

Should you let your kids swear like sailors, or should you put the hammer down? Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind swearing and raising kids.

Gift Giving
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:20
Gift Giving

Why do we give gifts? Why can giving gifts be stressful? What are the gifts that really matter? What are the gifts that people will remember?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the psychology of gift giving.

Confession
7:53
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:53
Confession

Why do we confess when we feel bad about something we’ve done or haven’t done? What is the evolutionary benefit of confession? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explore the psychology of confession.

Reciprocity
7:36
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:36
Reciprocity

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of reciprocity.

Circadian Rhythms
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:20
Circadian Rhythms

The regularity of the Earth’s dark-light cycle is why all creatures, humans included, have biological clocks. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about Circadian Rhythms.

Low Information Decision Making
8:13
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 8:13
Low Information Decision Making

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about low information decision making.

Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion
1:05:00
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 1:05:00
Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion

In this special live Views & Brews edition of Two Guys On Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the psychology of choice and decision making.

Decision Making And Happiness
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Decision Making And Happiness

Decision making and happiness, how one influences the other, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Choice
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Choice

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make; number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Accountability
7:48
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:48
Accountability

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of accountability.

Resolutions
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:34
Resolutions

It’s that time of the year when we resolve to drink less, exercise more, save money, etc.

It may feel really good to intend to do “better” in the new year, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, real change takes planning and hard work.

Why is that? It turns out we have no idea why we do most of the things we do on a daily basis. And as long as our behaviors are driven by factors that operate below our conscious awareness, we may not know how to change.

As the Two Guys point out, effective change can happen when we start from the outside in. When we look at our environments first we can make space and cultivate relationships that help us become best selves.

Getting Lost
7:45
2017-09-21 14:14:15 UTC 7:45
Getting Lost

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychological value of “getting lost”, and the beauty of discovery.

Tradition
7:25
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:25
Tradition

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of tradition.

Punishment
7:46
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:46
Punishment

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of punishment.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of guns.

Xenophobia
7:37
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:37
Xenophobia

In this episode of Two Guys On Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of xenophobia.

How To Exit Converations
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
How To Exit Converations

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to exit conversations, and keep group discussions from being co-opted.

Reference Points
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Reference Points

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we make value judgments based on reference points.

Framing Effects
7:26
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:26
Framing Effects

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the why how we say something is as important, if not more important than, what we say.

Gestalt Principles And Language Development
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles And Language Development

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about understanding the difference between Behaviorism and Gestalt Psychology by looking at theories of language development.

Gestalt Principles
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about “gestalt principles.”

Desire
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Desire

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of desire.

Why We Tell Ghost Stories
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Ghost Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how telling ghost stories can be good for us.

Why We Tell Stories
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why our brains make sense of the world through stories, and what problems this can cause.

Rethinking Work For a Happier Life
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Rethinking Work For a Happier Life

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to rethink your work week for a happier life.

Days Of The Week
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:20
Days Of The Week

This week we talk about why certain days of the week “feel” differently than others, and what we can do to help ourselves optimize each day.

Reading and Child’s Brain
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:20
Reading and Child’s Brain

What’s going on inside a child’s brain when you read to them? Get a little insight in this week’s episode of Two Guys.

Rewarding Mediocrity
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:20
Rewarding Mediocrity

The ups and downs of rewards that praise participation in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Expectations, Goals, and Happiness
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:20
Expectations, Goals, and Happiness

Why is it that we’re not always as happy as we think we should be when we accomplish our goals? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

The Value of Failure
8:00
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 8:00
The Value of Failure

Failure is a word that carries a lot of baggage, arousing emotional responses that we’d usually rather avoid.

What about success? Why does the thought of success conjure images and feelings of comfort and satisfaction. This week, “Two Guys on Your Head” examine how the heights of success and the “training wheels” of failure impact our everyday lives.

We’re wired with a dopamine reward system that releases positive or negative chemical affect in our brains depending upon the success or failure of our efforts.  Success feels good, while failure feels bad.  So we tend to seek success and avoid failure. It’s simple.

But, how can you determine how much exertion to expend toward reaching a particular goal if you’ve never failed at something?  You might just run yourself into the ground trying to avoid failure, but it’s better to let failure experiences happen and serve to help you gauge your efforts.

Failure is a learning mechanism, like training wheels on a bicycle.  Our little mistakes serve to build up a framework of experience that allows us to more proficiently navigate our lives.

The fear of failure is a very challenging obstacle to overcome.  To some, fear of failure can be immobilizing.  When we legislate ourselves rigidly against the negative feelings aroused by the experience of a mistake, we are short-changing ourselves. Failure-driven learning mechanisms are not being utilized because our society reinforces a desire to avoid mistakes.

The Yuck Factor
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
The Yuck Factor

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the “yuck factor” and morality.

Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:20
Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the complex metabolic system that goes into how we eat and process food, and the benefits of food rituals and eating together, not only on our bodies, but on our brains as well.

V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!
1:07:46
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 1:07:46
V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!

In this episode of Views & Brews, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Two Guys On Your Head’s Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about the psychology of living the good life, and planning for death.  We’ll discuss why it’s so difficult to confront end-of-life concerns with your loved ones and your doctor, and we’ll offer some strategies that might help ease the pain of these difficult conversations.

Virtual Therapy
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Virtual Therapy

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the purposes of therapy and provide some perspective on the roles virtual therapy can and can’t fill.

The Imposter Syndrome
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
The Imposter Syndrome

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about The Imposter Syndrome. What is the real problem when you feel inadequate? How can you help yourself overcome it when you recognize it?

Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, conclude our series on pain with a discussion on some interesting findings in psychology as to how pain killers work in the brain, and they talk about the cultural and biological evolution of inflicting pain as retribution.

Emotional Pain and Memory
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Emotional Pain and Memory

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, add to the series on pain and the brain, with a discussion on emotional pain and memory.

Phantom Pain
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Phantom Pain

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, kick off our three-part series on “Pain and The Brain” with a discussion of “Phantom Pain”. What it is, and how psychologists are finding new ways of helping patients who suffer with it.

Summer and Time
7:14
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:14
Summer and Time

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about organizing time to make the most of time off.

Teaching The Process of Science
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:20
Teaching The Process of Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why it’s more important to teach the process of science, as opposed to just the outcomes science has produced.

Communicating Science
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Communicating Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about thinking scientifically, and some of the problems with communicating science to the general public.

Seeing and Perception
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Seeing and Perception

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how we see with our brains, and some problems that can cause.

Defiance
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Defiance

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of defiance.

Egocentric Bias
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Egocentric Bias

Why do think we contribute more in a group situation than we actually do? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of egocentric bias. It can be pretty destructive, but not necessarily in ways we predict.

Reading vs. Listening
7:33
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:33
Reading vs. Listening

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how our brains process information differently based on the mode of consumption.

Bonus: Gender and Negotiation
4:56
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 4:56
Bonus: Gender and Negotiation

Men and women can approach negotiation a lot differently and that can influence many aspects of their personal and professional lives. In this unedited bonus clip Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk a little bit about the role of gender in negotiation, and also a little bit about negotiation and children.

Negotiation
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Negotiation

Negotiations are everywhere, in almost every element of our daily lives, yet how do we understand negotiations? It turns out that the way we frame the idea of negotiation has a lot to do with how we understand value and happiness.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various elements of negotiation.

The Economics of Our Relationships
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:20
The Economics of Our Relationships

What is the value of our relationships?

As it turns out, the way we answer that question defines the relationship itself.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the various ways we understand the economics of the relationships in our lives, and why the value of community should never be underestimated.

Bias & Diversity
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Bias & Diversity

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bias, and the importance of diversity.

How To Catch a Liar
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
How To Catch a Liar

There’s no such thing as a “tell”. For example, when people look up, fidget or stutter they might just be nervous, and not exactly lying. However, because we rely on the truth to make our culture go round, it might make our lives easier if we could just spot a liar out of the crowd.

As it turns out you can tell if people are telling the truth or not, but it takes some skill, time and knowledge.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about lying, and a new study that reveals a more accurate way to catch someone in a lie.

Sleep and Age
7:33
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:33
Sleep and Age

Do we need less sleep as we age? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between sleep, age and cognitive decline.

The Placebo Effect
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
The Placebo Effect

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how and why placebos can make us feel better.

Rose Colored Glasses
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Rose Colored Glasses

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about all the factors that go in to why we attracted to certain people, while others just rub us the wrong way from the beginning.

Coincidence
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Coincidence

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology behind the phenomenon of coincidences.

Paranioa
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Paranioa

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, discuss what paranoia is, how we can help ourselves keep from spiraling into a paranoid thought process, and why paranoia manifests itself differently in different cultures.

Tempering The Tantrum
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Tempering The Tantrum

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on temper tantrums.

Amnesia
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Amnesia

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various aspects of amnesia.

Tongue Twisters and Rhymes
7:20
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:20
Tongue Twisters and Rhymes

Why rhymes are so appealing, and what makes for a good tongue twister, in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holiday Special
53:58
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 53:58
Holiday Special

Join us for a holiday special as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take us through questions about the link between freewill and gratitude, why we feel so compelled to recreate traditions exactly as we remember them, and why yawning is contagious. Plus, we’ll take a trip to The Thinkery with Dr. Cristine Legare.

It’s the holidays so let’s celebrate with Two Guys on Your Head!

The Interpertation of Memory
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
The Interpertation of Memory

How and why we misperceive how memory works in the brain, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?
7:33
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:33
Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?

For many of us, Thanksgiving means spending time with our families, carrying out traditions that we’ve practiced for years.

While it can be very stressful, messy, and challenging to spend time with family members you don’t see very often, it can also be a beautiful time of re-centering.

Traditions serve a psychological function. By repeating the same traditional activity with the same group of people over the years, we construct a chronological record of who we’ve been before – and who we are now. It’s a hidden way of staying in touch with the consistent elements of our identities, and it allows us to track ourselves as we develop and change.

Traditions give us an opportunity to become psychologically close to the person that we used to be in childhood, or adolescence – or even as recently as last year. And that’s something to be thankful for.

As always, Drs. Bob Duke and Art Markman are carving it up.

Why We Go To Extremes
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Why We Go To Extremes

From CrossFit to quilting, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the pros and cons of going to extremes.

How To Protect Your Brain As You Age
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
How To Protect Your Brain As You Age

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?

You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse –  you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Artificial Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Artificial Intelligence

The brief history of Artificial Intelligence in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Defining Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Defining Intelligence

How intelligence tests were developed and why, and what they do and don’t tell us about our ability to achieve success, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Why We Laugh At Fear
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Why We Laugh At Fear

Why we respond to uncomfortable situations with humor, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Responding To Ebola
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Responding To Ebola

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind our response to threats like Ebola.

The Psychology of Happiness
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
The Psychology of Happiness

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what goes into our ability to naturally be happy, and how we can influence our perspective to feel more positive.

Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolutionary basis for our attraction to kitten videos, and why they’re not so bad to consume in moderation.

Brain Training Games
7:34
2017-09-21 14:14:16 UTC 7:34
Brain Training Games

Demystifying the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs, in this week’s show with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go
7:33
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:33
Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go

A traumatic event in life is like a scratch on a record. Every time the record player, or your mind, runs over the scratch, it skips. This skipping record thought pattern is called rumination. Until we’re able to fill the scratch, it will keep skipping. So how do we fill the scratch, move on and heal? On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the various ways we live with and explain grief, and they offer some strategies that might help it make sense.

The Value of Understanding
8:17
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:17
The Value of Understanding

As gratifying as applied research is, to set out to answer a specific research question, it’s not always the best way to come up with new ideas, discover new things, and develop understanding. For these things you need basic research or just a curiosity about the world and how it works.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about on this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, developing and valuing understanding, as opposed to the bottom line, is an important part of uncovering what we don’t even know we don’t know.

 

Pronouns
8:04
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:04
Pronouns

When it comes to language, the psychology around how we use words is as interesting and as consequential as the words themselves.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of closed classed words in English like pronouns, determiners, conjunctions, and prepositions, and why it’s so hard for us to change them.

Painkillers (Rebroadcast)
8:14
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:14
Painkillers (Rebroadcast)

The high reliance on painkillers by the medical community has become an increasingly controversial topic.  For patients, that reliance can easily transform a treatment into an addiction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between pain and the brain. And they touch on the evolution of pain as retribution, both biologically and culturally.

Nouns
8:30
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:30
Nouns

Popular linguistic theories like, Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, give us the idea that language determines how and what we think. However, looking at the psychology behind how we use language points in another direction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how nouns can teach us a lot about how our brains create and influence how we use language.

Unintended Consequences Of Policy
8:37
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:37
Unintended Consequences Of Policy

On average most policies are put in place to help people, protect people, or regulate dangerous behavior, so why don’t these policies work?

In the most recent episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the unintended consequences of policy, and how psychology can help us discover what policies work. And why. And why not.

Struggling vs. Suffering
8:04
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:04
Struggling vs. Suffering

Struggle has a way of defining us. But while we often use struggles to teach lessons and build resilience, a struggle without a purpose doesn’t always yield positive results.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the difference between struggling and suffering, and why it matters.

Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)
8:15
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:15
Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)

Most people feel in over their heads when they first enter a challenging situation or even a new job. And, while conventional wisdom suggests those with trepidations about trying new things should “fake it ’til they make it,” it may not always be the best course of action.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman discuss what’s known as “imposter syndrome” — the practice of pretending to be the person you want people to see you as rather than who you truly are — and explain why it may just be better to just start working towards your goals instead of faking it.

Humiliation
7:54
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:54
Humiliation

Humiliation can make us feel small and insignificant, so why do humans humiliate one another?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of humiliation and how you can make choices in your life to prevent you from feeling humiliated when the bullies strike.

Scientific Terminology
8:39
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:39
Scientific Terminology

One of the reasons it’s so difficult to relate scientific findings to the general public is because the same words literally take on different meanings in those realms.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke deconstruct two such terms–significance and theory– and talk about why knowing how they’re used in a scientific context can help us better to understand the scientific process as well.

Rewarding In The Workplace
8:29
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:29
Rewarding In The Workplace

In our last episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talked about how to influence behavior using rewards first, then examples, and finally verbal direction. However, things aren’t that simple when it comes to building teams and motivating groups, especially in the workplace.

In this follow-up edition, they discuss how to structure rewards at work for the best long-term results.

How To Influence Behavior
8:20
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:20
How To Influence Behavior

When thinking about what drives human behavior there is what we say, what we do, and then what we reward. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, people tend to respond to these things in reverse order.

Embodied Empathy
8:13
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:13
Embodied Empathy

You’ve heard the saying, “walk a mile in someone else’s shoes.” But does that literally mean you have to put yourself in someone’s position in order to understand where they are coming from? According to a study published in The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, it just might.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the study, and what it means for how and why when we try to see things from another’s point of view we are more likely to empathize with them on a few different levels.

 

Sequels
8:16
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:16
Sequels

We may think that we prefer something brand-new to something we’ve seen before, but the truth is we are more likely to enjoy things we are familiar with.

In this edition of Two Guys On Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind why we like sequels.

Online Sharing
8:25
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:25
Online Sharing

There are many places to air your grievances online, and you might think that the rant itself makes you feel better, and you would be half right.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, sharing your problems and interacting with problem solving strategies online can give you the tools you need to deal with issues more effectively in daily life, and helping others with their affairs can get our minds off our own.

Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)
8:04
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:04
Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)

Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it?

When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to mind. This lack of creative flow is further exacerbated by anxiety over the lack of production – making it a self-perpetuating cycle that can lead to stagnation.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the ins and outs of how and why we sometimes get stuck – and what we can do to help ourselves in those difficult situations.

The key to avoiding writer’s block is to understand and remember one simple fact in particular: writing is a process.

Often, people who face writer’s block hold a false belief that the examples of good writing – the masterpieces of literary accomplishment – somehow emerged from the author fully formed. Since a novice writer’s early attempts to produce a draft might not meet their expectations of perfection, they might consider themselves a failure – all before they’ve even fully attempted the work.

Essentially, writer’s block is editing before the work is done. You have to start somewhere. To avoid writer’s block, just write. Get something down and from there you can start to revise it, which is how the work begins.

Saying No
7:59
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:59
Saying No

We’ve done shows on the importance of being open to new opportunities; in short saying yes. And while saying yes is very important, we might be too prone toward saying yes to things when we should be saying no.

Why is hard to say no? Why don’t we take into account the opportunity cost when we’re considering our options?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to practice saying no, and why it matters.

 

Metrics
8:34
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:34
Metrics

Data is great, but it can’t tell you everything you need to know. So why do we love it so much?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the upsides and the downsides of metrics.

Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)
1:03:51
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 1:03:51
Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)

Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy along with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke as they talk about how we make sense of randomness in our lives, why we have a hard time processing statistics, and why our brains like to connect the dots.

Post-Project Depression
8:15
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:15
Post-Project Depression

Many soon-to-be graduates might be asking themselves, “what do I do now?”

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to deal with the lows that come after you complete a major goal.

Suppressing Anger
8:02
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:02
Suppressing Anger

There are a lot of metaphors that give us a picture of what anger is and how it affects our health. We may “bottle things up,” which causes us to get “hot” and need to “blow off steam.” However accurate they may feel to us at the time, they mask healthy ways to deal with anger and effectively influence behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke answer a listener question about suppressing anger.

Hate
8:05
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:05
Hate

What is the point of hate? It feels bad, it causes all kinds of problems, and it destroys relationships. So why did hate persist as we evolved?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of hate.

Being Late
8:40
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:40
Being Late

Have you ever wondered why some people are always punctual, even early, and other are perpetually late? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about some of the psychology behind synchronizing our cultural and personal “clocks”, and how to put yourself in a less anxious space no matter who you are.

 

Picture Taking
8:05
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:05
Picture Taking

You might think that cell phones make everything worse. We can’t remember phone numbers anymore, we are addicted to checking texts and emails, and we end up taking thousands of crappy pictures each month. What good can ever come of this?

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, it’s not all bad. We may actually be remembering more moments because of the photos we’re taking and the way we’re engaging with the world through our phones. But then again, there is more to any story, and the jury is still out on this one.

 

Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?
57:57
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 57:57
Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?

Teaming up with the Elisabet Ney Museum, KUT & Views & Brew‘s Rebecca McInroy and Dr. Art Markman & Dr. Bob Duke of Two Guys On Your Head consider the eternal question posed by Ney’s husband in 1890 “Are We Conscious Automata?”  What can psychology teach us about notions of determinism vs. free will? Is there such a thing as a rational being?

Breathing
7:59
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:59
Breathing

When we think of all the things we’re sold to reduce stress in our lives, the one that will actually work is free-breathing. So why don’t we utilize our ability to change our physiology through slowing down and taking deep breaths more often?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about breathing and the brain.

Starstruck
8:02
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 8:02
Starstruck

Have you ever caught sight of a celebrity or someone you consider to be a “star” and, even though you are a completely intelligent, interesting, and charismatic person, you turn to mush when you say hello to them?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolution behind our weird interactions with celebrities, and the psychology of being starstruck.

V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption
1:03:38
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 1:03:38
V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy to talk about the psychology of uncertainty and how disruption can be a good thing.

Brain Games (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:34
Brain Games (Rebroadcast)

You can go to the gym and work out your quads, or your biceps, or your balance and isolate those muscle groups to focus improvement of those areas of function with work.

So it’s not too far of a stretch to assume if we exercise specific areas of our brains might we see improvement in functions as well, right?  Unfortunately, it’s not quite so simple.

But have so many brain-training systems like Lumosity become so popular?

On this week’s show, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke will demystify the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs.

Reading Minds
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:34
Reading Minds

Psychics have something going on, but that’s not what we’re talking about here. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we think people can read our minds, why they can’t, and how we can have better interactions by recognizing what we need and asking for what we want.

Numbers
7:55
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:55
Numbers

A lot of us can listen to a newscast or a lecture about, global warming or the federal budget, and hear numbers in the trillions mentioned and think we know what is being discussed. We might even come out with a sense that we learned something about said numbers.

Yet, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, it is really very difficult for the average human being to conceive of what numbers really mean, or how they might affect our lives. But there is hope.

Privacy
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:34
Privacy

Understanding what we want to make public and what we want to keep private might seem like an easy choice, however as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, when it comes to life on-line our brains aren’t quite equip to navigate the complexity of this issue.

Coincidence (Rebroadcast)
7:35
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:35
Coincidence (Rebroadcast)

Have you ever thought of a friend you haven’t seen in a long time only to run into them the same day? Have you ever thought of a historical figure and had that same person be a clue in the New York Times crossword puzzle?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the psychology behind coincidence and why looking at the world through a more mathematical lens might help people see things differently.

Enculturation
7:58
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:58
Enculturation

What one person might term enculturation another might term brainwashing, but no matter what you call it, in psychology it’s pretty much the same thing.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of enculturation.

Fake News
7:57
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:57
Fake News

Whether or not you’re shocked by the plethora of fake news, you might be surprised to learn that such information–fake or not–does have unexpected effects on the way you see the world.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of fake news.

Choice (Rebroadcast)
7:48
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:48
Choice (Rebroadcast)

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make — number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience
7:36
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:36
Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke continue to talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think. Things that have to do specifically personality, gender and openness to experience.

Saying “Yes”
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:34
Saying “Yes”

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think.

Memorization
7:49
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:49
Memorization

There are so many fascinating aspects of what we remember and what we forget, but one we rarely ask about is what is the point of memorization. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to store poems, math facts and more in long-term memory.

The Generation Effect
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:34
The Generation Effect

We might think that when we hear or read something we learn it, but that assumption would be incorrect. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke point out in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head we have to work to produce ideas in order to really understand them.

Curiosity
7:46
2017-09-22 13:49:07 UTC 7:46
Curiosity

When we are born we know very little about the world and need to learn in order to survive, hence the propensity for curiosity. However some people are just more curious than others, so why is this? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of curiosity.

 

 

Thinking Vs. Doing
7:58
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:58
Thinking Vs. Doing

When we are ready to get something done we’re in “doing” mode, and when we are contemplating what we want to do we are in “thinking” mode. This seems easy enough to understand. So why do we rush into making decisions that don’t turn out to be so great? Or why do we sit on our heels when we should be getting things done?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can optimize our motivational modes for more effective, and rational decision making.

Counterfactuals
7:59
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:59
Counterfactuals

Humans have an innate ability to imagine the unimaginable. More often than not, this manifests in everyday situations – “woulda, coulda, shoulda” sort of situations – like whether you would’ve been late to that job interview, if you hadn’t done x, y or z. Those imaginings are called counterfactuals.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of counterfactuals, and how taking time to recognize and use these tools we have at our disposal can make us happier and healthier people.

Bullying
7:45
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:45
Bullying

People don’t feel that great when their locus of control is compromised, and that’s pretty much what bullying is all about. So why does bullying exist and how does it function?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bullying.

Kindness
8:18
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:18
Kindness

We might think that human beings are innately kind or innately cruel, as it turns out neither is fully true. Kindness is one of those things that is a learned behavior. The more we practice kindness the more we, and others around us, tend to practice the same behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of kindness.

Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)

If you live in the modern world – as you most likely do – you’re probably seen it: two people standing next to each other, engrossed in text conversations happening on their mobile devices, while oblivious to each other or anything else happening around them.

Does that common occurrence make you reminisce about the good old days of landlines? You’re not alone. Many people pine for simplicity in this new world of immediate contact – all possible through our nifty mobile gadgets.

You can never be out of reach, never out of touch – and yet, you can stay constantly isolated in your own mobile, virtual world, blissfully unengaged in real time interaction with live people around you.

How does this new technology of immediate mobile contact influence and affect our relationships with real people, in real time, in real life?

Well, there’s benefits and drawbacks. As usual, the Two Guys on Your Head have some interesting insight.

Election Results 2016
8:27
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:27
Election Results 2016

No matter which party you voted for last Tuesday, this election has revealed a lot about the psychology of our country. There is a lot of anger, alienation, and fear on both sides and it will take hard work to recover and move forward.

We might not be ready to do so now, and that is okay. We are all feeling the effects of the aftermath, and it can be tough to get a sense of perspective; in either victory or defeat.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, offer a few words of advice on how we can repair, forgive, and move on.

The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live
1:09:16
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 1:09:16
The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live

Everything from what motivates people to vote, to why we’re much more politically polarized today than we’ve ever been. In this discussion, KUT’s Two Guys on Your Head (Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke) joins KUT’s Rebecca McInroy  and The Annette Strauss Institute for Civic Life to take a look at “The Psychology of Civic Engagement.”

Polarization
8:09
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:09
Polarization

Have we evolved into a nation of extremes? In an election season like this one (as if we’ve ever seen anything like this) we may think that there is no middle ground, and there’s a reason for that.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we’ve become more polarized politically in the last 30 years.

Voting
8:30
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:30
Voting

We get it, voting requires effort and it’s a choice, but that doesn’t predispose it to being something people just don’t do, so why don’t more people go to the polls when it comes to voting?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology of voting.

Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)
7:36
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:36
Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?
You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse – you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Popularity
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Popularity

We might consider ourselves pretty savvy. We choose the “best” toothpaste, bottled water, or television set. We go to the movies we “want” to see, and listen to the music we like because it’s “good”. What we might not take into consideration is how popularity fits into our value judgments about everything, from people and products to ideas and beliefs.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of popularity.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]
48:18
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 48:18
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Two.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]
25:50
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 25:50
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Three.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]
56:05
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 56:05
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part Two.

Link to Part Three.

Value
7:24
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:24
Value

We humans are interesting animals. We may take for granted the card we swipe  at the grocery store when we buy food. We might look at our bank balance and not even think of how unique it is that we can translate those little numbers into experiences and things. It’s merely one of the benefits of having big brains.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of how our brains determine value.

Home
8:10
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:10
Home

When we suffer the loss of a home, we may ask why the trauma is so deep. Why are we so devastated by the loss of “things”? A listener asked us this very question on Facebook after she lost her home in the Bastrop County fires of 2011.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of home, and how losing a home affects many aspects of our being.

Fear and Motivation
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Fear and Motivation

When we are afraid we typically act! We run away, we shout, we lash out, we do. Fear is a great motivator, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, there is a downside to acting out of fear alone.

Dissonance and Behavior
7:33
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:33
Dissonance and Behavior

How does dissonance effect behavior? In this episode Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke use the example of climate change to  explore how we deal with dissonance in our lives and beliefs.

Bias and Behavior
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Bias and Behavior

It’s no secret that this political season is a display of some interesting human behavior, and we’ve had a lot of listener questions about how biases form, the psychological impact of heated rhetoric, and what is going on “under the surface” of the American public?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychology can inform our discussions and debates as we try to swim through the murky waters of the modern American political campaign 2016.

Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)

“Working to achieve something can be great, as long as we enjoy the process of working to achieve something.” -Art Markman

So you just got that raise you’ve been working toward, and a new project starts tomorrow, and you’re making great money, but — you don’t really like the work. You’re moving up, but you’re not happy. It might be time to re-evaluate your situation, and maybe get on a different proverbial treadmill.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

TED Talks
8:21
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:21
TED Talks

TED Talks! Love ’em or hate ’em they may be changing the way we approach science. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what it is about these captivating orations.

I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)

We value brains. We hold test scores in high esteem. We spend money and hours on brain training games and ginseng. But what does intelligence really mean? How do we define and gauge actual smarts? Does a high IQ predict success?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the history and development of intelligence tests; as well as what these tests can actually tell us about one’s ability to achieve.

It turns out that intelligence can be a dangerous label when thinking about the ongoing, dynamic, interconnected process that is our brain. Once we label something as intelligent we ignore that a lot goes into how we create, solve problems and overcome obstacles.

So next time you’re tempted (or forced) to take an intelligence test, don’t stress, they don’t tell the whole story of what you’re capable of.

Politeness
7:48
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:48
Politeness

Why say “please” and “thank you”? It turns out there’s a lot more to it than just having good manners.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology and purpose of politeness.

Pet Peeves
8:32
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:32
Pet Peeves

Things may really annoy you, but when do they hit that sweet spot where you become fond of them? When do they become your pets?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of pet peeves.

Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness
20:25
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 20:25
Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness

In this new feature, we are offering to podcast listeners only, we respond to listener comments about recent shows we did on hearing loss and another on happiness.

If you have questions or comments please email us at twoguys@kut.org. Thanks!

Omission Bias
8:33
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:33
Omission Bias

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about omission bias.

Plagiarism
7:55
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:55
Plagiarism

“Thou shalt not steal” might be an old concept, but when it comes to ideas we’re still in the infant stages of understanding how theft works. So we might ask, “why does it matter if someone plagiarizes someone else? It’s not like I took an object from someone else.”

It turns out, it’s a big deal. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why.

Hope and Motivation
7:42
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:42
Hope and Motivation

Does hope actually motivate us to change? A listener sent in this question and we thought we would explore the answer.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how effective hope is when we want change.

Hearing Loss
8:22
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:22
Hearing Loss

Hearing loss happens to everyone who’s lucky enough to age. But it’s not like just any other age related illness, mainly because you and others around you, might not know it’s happening.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what makes hearing loss so insidious, and why it’s important to be open about hearing loss if you know you have it, so you don’t lose out on vital social opportunities.

Emotional Contagion
7:44
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:44
Emotional Contagion

Have you ever wondered why when you are around happy people, you feel happier, and when you’re around sad people you feel a little sadder? Emotions can be contagious, just like the flu. However, recent studies show that the way we emit and convey emotion is more complex than we might think.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about emotional contagion.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind both sides of America’s ongoing debate about firearms and gun control.

Feeling Age
7:37
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:37
Feeling Age

The psychology of feeling age in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Speed Reading
7:30
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:30
Speed Reading

Speed reading! “Now this sounds like a fantastic skill,” you might say to yourself. “Where can I learn how to do this?” Well that’s a little tricky, because the psychological research on reading and comprehension, so far concludes that it’s just not possible.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we read slowly, and why we might think we are speed reading when we’re really not.

Why We Make Rules
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Why We Make Rules

We might take rules for granted. For example, we all know that 55 mph means 62 mph, and that crosswalks are for leisure time–just kidding. But, seriously, do we ever wonder why we make rules in the first place?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why we make rules, and why it’s important to talk about it.

Rule Breakers
7:26
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:26
Rule Breakers

“Why do some people think that the rules don’t apply to them?” That is a question one listener tweeted us a few weeks ago. It turns out that the idea of rules and rule breaking opens up a Pandora’s Box of complexities that it’s gonna take more than one show to unpack.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on a few of the psychological issues around rules.

Parenting Adult Children
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Parenting Adult Children

Figuring out how the nature of relationships changes over time can be tough, especially for kids and their parents.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman talk about the challenges of parenting your kids as they transition into adulthood, and what to do to make this easier and mutually beneficial.

Money and Happiness
7:45
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:45
Money and Happiness

Some might say that as long as you have your needs covered, the amount of money you have is irrelevant to your happiness. While for others, money has a lot to do with well-being. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this show, the ratio of money to happiness has more to do with you, than with what’s in your wallet.

SXSW2016 Live
51:50
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 51:50
SXSW2016 Live

In this special SXSW edition of Two Guys on Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the myth of invention and the process of creativity.

Memory, Imagination, and Happiness
7:49
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:49
Memory, Imagination, and Happiness

When it comes to imagination and happiness, it turns out there’s a lot going on. If you think, as William Arthur Ward said, “If you can imagine it, you can achieve it; if you can dream it, you can become it,” you might be in for a surprise when it comes to well-being.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to manage our exceptions and goals, and enjoy the moments in the process of becoming, in order live happier lives.

Imagination and Change
7:33
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:33
Imagination and Change

Have you ever been in a situation that you just can’t see your way out of? Have you ever been stuck on a path you did not want to follow? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can practice gaining experiences that can help us imagine different possibilities for a future we never knew we wanted, to get out of a present we’re not happy with.

Ending Relationships
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Ending Relationships

Why is it so hard to get out of a relationship that just isn’t working? It might be a job that you don’t like, or a friendship or partnership that is not okay. You want out, but can’t seem to cut the ties.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about some of the psychology behind why it can be tough to get out, and what to do about it.

Defining Gender
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Defining Gender

The science, the politics, and the general understanding of gender here in the US has evolved dramatically over the last 30 years, but what does that mean for how we understand ourselves and others differently through time. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychologically understanding changing definitions of gender.

Innovation and Creativity
7:27
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:27
Innovation and Creativity

A talk about memory, innovation, creativity and productivity, live at SXSW 2016, with Dr. Art Markman, Dr. Bob Duke and Rebecca McInroy.

Flexibility
7:38
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:38
Flexibility

When the unexpected happens, some people shut down, while others are cool as cucumbers. We might think that the people who handle crisis well, are just born that way, perhaps they are just flexible.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how the more you know, and the more experiences you have help you to become a more flexible person, and why it’s important to learn to deal calmly with whatever comes your way.

Applying For Jobs
7:23
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:23
Applying For Jobs

We might think that as long as we have great test scores, the right degree, or certain awards, that we are a shoe-in for that job we just applied for. But the truth is you could have all of that and more and still not get the job. That’s because so many of the factors that are taken into consideration when employers or administrators are sifting through applications, has very little to do with actual qualifications.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about what matters, and what doesn’t, when it comes to your application. Yes, they give some tips on how to “get the job” but the most important thing to remember, whether you get it or not, is that a lot is just out of your hands.

 

Swearing
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Swearing

Should you let your kids swear like sailors, or should you put the hammer down? Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind swearing and raising kids.

Gift Giving
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Gift Giving

Why do we give gifts? Why can giving gifts be stressful? What are the gifts that really matter? What are the gifts that people will remember?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the psychology of gift giving.

Confession
7:53
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:53
Confession

Why do we confess when we feel bad about something we’ve done or haven’t done? What is the evolutionary benefit of confession? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explore the psychology of confession.

Reciprocity
7:36
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:36
Reciprocity

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of reciprocity.

Circadian Rhythms
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Circadian Rhythms

The regularity of the Earth’s dark-light cycle is why all creatures, humans included, have biological clocks. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about Circadian Rhythms.

Low Information Decision Making
8:13
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:13
Low Information Decision Making

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about low information decision making.

Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion
1:05:00
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 1:05:00
Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion

In this special live Views & Brews edition of Two Guys On Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the psychology of choice and decision making.

Decision Making And Happiness
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Decision Making And Happiness

Decision making and happiness, how one influences the other, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Choice
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Choice

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make; number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Accountability
7:48
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:48
Accountability

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of accountability.

Resolutions
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Resolutions

It’s that time of the year when we resolve to drink less, exercise more, save money, etc.

It may feel really good to intend to do “better” in the new year, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, real change takes planning and hard work.

Why is that? It turns out we have no idea why we do most of the things we do on a daily basis. And as long as our behaviors are driven by factors that operate below our conscious awareness, we may not know how to change.

As the Two Guys point out, effective change can happen when we start from the outside in. When we look at our environments first we can make space and cultivate relationships that help us become best selves.

Getting Lost
7:45
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:45
Getting Lost

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychological value of “getting lost”, and the beauty of discovery.

Tradition
7:25
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:25
Tradition

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of tradition.

Punishment
7:46
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:46
Punishment

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of punishment.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of guns.

Xenophobia
7:37
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:37
Xenophobia

In this episode of Two Guys On Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of xenophobia.

How To Exit Converations
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
How To Exit Converations

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to exit conversations, and keep group discussions from being co-opted.

Reference Points
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Reference Points

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we make value judgments based on reference points.

Framing Effects
7:26
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:26
Framing Effects

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the why how we say something is as important, if not more important than, what we say.

Gestalt Principles And Language Development
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles And Language Development

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about understanding the difference between Behaviorism and Gestalt Psychology by looking at theories of language development.

Gestalt Principles
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about “gestalt principles.”

Desire
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Desire

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of desire.

Why We Tell Ghost Stories
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Ghost Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how telling ghost stories can be good for us.

Why We Tell Stories
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why our brains make sense of the world through stories, and what problems this can cause.

Rethinking Work For a Happier Life
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Rethinking Work For a Happier Life

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to rethink your work week for a happier life.

Days Of The Week
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Days Of The Week

This week we talk about why certain days of the week “feel” differently than others, and what we can do to help ourselves optimize each day.

Reading and Child’s Brain
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Reading and Child’s Brain

What’s going on inside a child’s brain when you read to them? Get a little insight in this week’s episode of Two Guys.

Rewarding Mediocrity
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Rewarding Mediocrity

The ups and downs of rewards that praise participation in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Expectations, Goals, and Happiness
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Expectations, Goals, and Happiness

Why is it that we’re not always as happy as we think we should be when we accomplish our goals? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

The Value of Failure
8:00
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 8:00
The Value of Failure

Failure is a word that carries a lot of baggage, arousing emotional responses that we’d usually rather avoid.

What about success? Why does the thought of success conjure images and feelings of comfort and satisfaction. This week, “Two Guys on Your Head” examine how the heights of success and the “training wheels” of failure impact our everyday lives.

We’re wired with a dopamine reward system that releases positive or negative chemical affect in our brains depending upon the success or failure of our efforts.  Success feels good, while failure feels bad.  So we tend to seek success and avoid failure. It’s simple.

But, how can you determine how much exertion to expend toward reaching a particular goal if you’ve never failed at something?  You might just run yourself into the ground trying to avoid failure, but it’s better to let failure experiences happen and serve to help you gauge your efforts.

Failure is a learning mechanism, like training wheels on a bicycle.  Our little mistakes serve to build up a framework of experience that allows us to more proficiently navigate our lives.

The fear of failure is a very challenging obstacle to overcome.  To some, fear of failure can be immobilizing.  When we legislate ourselves rigidly against the negative feelings aroused by the experience of a mistake, we are short-changing ourselves. Failure-driven learning mechanisms are not being utilized because our society reinforces a desire to avoid mistakes.

The Yuck Factor
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
The Yuck Factor

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the “yuck factor” and morality.

Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the complex metabolic system that goes into how we eat and process food, and the benefits of food rituals and eating together, not only on our bodies, but on our brains as well.

V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!
1:07:46
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 1:07:46
V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!

In this episode of Views & Brews, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Two Guys On Your Head’s Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about the psychology of living the good life, and planning for death.  We’ll discuss why it’s so difficult to confront end-of-life concerns with your loved ones and your doctor, and we’ll offer some strategies that might help ease the pain of these difficult conversations.

Virtual Therapy
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Virtual Therapy

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the purposes of therapy and provide some perspective on the roles virtual therapy can and can’t fill.

The Imposter Syndrome
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
The Imposter Syndrome

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about The Imposter Syndrome. What is the real problem when you feel inadequate? How can you help yourself overcome it when you recognize it?

Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, conclude our series on pain with a discussion on some interesting findings in psychology as to how pain killers work in the brain, and they talk about the cultural and biological evolution of inflicting pain as retribution.

Emotional Pain and Memory
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Emotional Pain and Memory

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, add to the series on pain and the brain, with a discussion on emotional pain and memory.

Phantom Pain
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Phantom Pain

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, kick off our three-part series on “Pain and The Brain” with a discussion of “Phantom Pain”. What it is, and how psychologists are finding new ways of helping patients who suffer with it.

Summer and Time
7:14
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:14
Summer and Time

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about organizing time to make the most of time off.

Teaching The Process of Science
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Teaching The Process of Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why it’s more important to teach the process of science, as opposed to just the outcomes science has produced.

Communicating Science
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Communicating Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about thinking scientifically, and some of the problems with communicating science to the general public.

Seeing and Perception
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Seeing and Perception

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how we see with our brains, and some problems that can cause.

Defiance
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Defiance

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of defiance.

Egocentric Bias
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Egocentric Bias

Why do think we contribute more in a group situation than we actually do? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of egocentric bias. It can be pretty destructive, but not necessarily in ways we predict.

Reading vs. Listening
7:33
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:33
Reading vs. Listening

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how our brains process information differently based on the mode of consumption.

Bonus: Gender and Negotiation
4:56
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 4:56
Bonus: Gender and Negotiation

Men and women can approach negotiation a lot differently and that can influence many aspects of their personal and professional lives. In this unedited bonus clip Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk a little bit about the role of gender in negotiation, and also a little bit about negotiation and children.

Negotiation
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Negotiation

Negotiations are everywhere, in almost every element of our daily lives, yet how do we understand negotiations? It turns out that the way we frame the idea of negotiation has a lot to do with how we understand value and happiness.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various elements of negotiation.

The Economics of Our Relationships
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
The Economics of Our Relationships

What is the value of our relationships?

As it turns out, the way we answer that question defines the relationship itself.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the various ways we understand the economics of the relationships in our lives, and why the value of community should never be underestimated.

Bias & Diversity
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Bias & Diversity

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bias, and the importance of diversity.

How To Catch a Liar
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
How To Catch a Liar

There’s no such thing as a “tell”. For example, when people look up, fidget or stutter they might just be nervous, and not exactly lying. However, because we rely on the truth to make our culture go round, it might make our lives easier if we could just spot a liar out of the crowd.

As it turns out you can tell if people are telling the truth or not, but it takes some skill, time and knowledge.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about lying, and a new study that reveals a more accurate way to catch someone in a lie.

Sleep and Age
7:33
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:33
Sleep and Age

Do we need less sleep as we age? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between sleep, age and cognitive decline.

The Placebo Effect
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
The Placebo Effect

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how and why placebos can make us feel better.

Rose Colored Glasses
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Rose Colored Glasses

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about all the factors that go in to why we attracted to certain people, while others just rub us the wrong way from the beginning.

Coincidence
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Coincidence

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology behind the phenomenon of coincidences.

Paranioa
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Paranioa

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, discuss what paranoia is, how we can help ourselves keep from spiraling into a paranoid thought process, and why paranoia manifests itself differently in different cultures.

Tempering The Tantrum
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Tempering The Tantrum

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on temper tantrums.

Amnesia
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:34
Amnesia

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various aspects of amnesia.

Tongue Twisters and Rhymes
7:20
2017-09-22 13:49:08 UTC 7:20
Tongue Twisters and Rhymes

Why rhymes are so appealing, and what makes for a good tongue twister, in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holiday Special
53:58
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 53:58
Holiday Special

Join us for a holiday special as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take us through questions about the link between freewill and gratitude, why we feel so compelled to recreate traditions exactly as we remember them, and why yawning is contagious. Plus, we’ll take a trip to The Thinkery with Dr. Cristine Legare.

It’s the holidays so let’s celebrate with Two Guys on Your Head!

The Interpertation of Memory
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
The Interpertation of Memory

How and why we misperceive how memory works in the brain, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?
7:33
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:33
Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?

For many of us, Thanksgiving means spending time with our families, carrying out traditions that we’ve practiced for years.

While it can be very stressful, messy, and challenging to spend time with family members you don’t see very often, it can also be a beautiful time of re-centering.

Traditions serve a psychological function. By repeating the same traditional activity with the same group of people over the years, we construct a chronological record of who we’ve been before – and who we are now. It’s a hidden way of staying in touch with the consistent elements of our identities, and it allows us to track ourselves as we develop and change.

Traditions give us an opportunity to become psychologically close to the person that we used to be in childhood, or adolescence – or even as recently as last year. And that’s something to be thankful for.

As always, Drs. Bob Duke and Art Markman are carving it up.

Why We Go To Extremes
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
Why We Go To Extremes

From CrossFit to quilting, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the pros and cons of going to extremes.

How To Protect Your Brain As You Age
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
How To Protect Your Brain As You Age

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?

You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse –  you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Artificial Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
Artificial Intelligence

The brief history of Artificial Intelligence in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Defining Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
Defining Intelligence

How intelligence tests were developed and why, and what they do and don’t tell us about our ability to achieve success, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Why We Laugh At Fear
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
Why We Laugh At Fear

Why we respond to uncomfortable situations with humor, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Responding To Ebola
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
Responding To Ebola

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind our response to threats like Ebola.

The Psychology of Happiness
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
The Psychology of Happiness

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what goes into our ability to naturally be happy, and how we can influence our perspective to feel more positive.

Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolutionary basis for our attraction to kitten videos, and why they’re not so bad to consume in moderation.

Brain Training Games
7:34
2017-09-22 13:49:09 UTC 7:34
Brain Training Games

Demystifying the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs, in this week’s show with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Praise (Rebroadcast)
7:58
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:58
Praise (Rebroadcast)

“Hey, you know, you’re really good at that.” That feels good to hear, doesn’t it?

Praise always feels good to hear, but not all praise motivates us to try new things, challenge ourselves, or deal with failure.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss how to praise in a productive and meaningful way.

Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go
7:33
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:33
Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go

A traumatic event in life is like a scratch on a record. Every time the record player, or your mind, runs over the scratch, it skips. This skipping record thought pattern is called rumination. Until we’re able to fill the scratch, it will keep skipping. So how do we fill the scratch, move on and heal? On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the various ways we live with and explain grief, and they offer some strategies that might help it make sense.

The Value of Understanding
8:17
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:17
The Value of Understanding

As gratifying as applied research is, to set out to answer a specific research question, it’s not always the best way to come up with new ideas, discover new things, and develop understanding. For these things you need basic research or just a curiosity about the world and how it works.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about on this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, developing and valuing understanding, as opposed to the bottom line, is an important part of uncovering what we don’t even know we don’t know.

 

Pronouns
8:04
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:04
Pronouns

When it comes to language, the psychology around how we use words is as interesting and as consequential as the words themselves.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of closed classed words in English like pronouns, determiners, conjunctions, and prepositions, and why it’s so hard for us to change them.

Painkillers (Rebroadcast)
8:14
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:14
Painkillers (Rebroadcast)

The high reliance on painkillers by the medical community has become an increasingly controversial topic.  For patients, that reliance can easily transform a treatment into an addiction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between pain and the brain. And they touch on the evolution of pain as retribution, both biologically and culturally.

Nouns
8:30
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:30
Nouns

Popular linguistic theories like, Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, give us the idea that language determines how and what we think. However, looking at the psychology behind how we use language points in another direction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how nouns can teach us a lot about how our brains create and influence how we use language.

Unintended Consequences Of Policy
8:37
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:37
Unintended Consequences Of Policy

On average most policies are put in place to help people, protect people, or regulate dangerous behavior, so why don’t these policies work?

In the most recent episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the unintended consequences of policy, and how psychology can help us discover what policies work. And why. And why not.

Struggling vs. Suffering
8:04
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:04
Struggling vs. Suffering

Struggle has a way of defining us. But while we often use struggles to teach lessons and build resilience, a struggle without a purpose doesn’t always yield positive results.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the difference between struggling and suffering, and why it matters.

Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)
8:15
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:15
Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)

Most people feel in over their heads when they first enter a challenging situation or even a new job. And, while conventional wisdom suggests those with trepidations about trying new things should “fake it ’til they make it,” it may not always be the best course of action.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman discuss what’s known as “imposter syndrome” — the practice of pretending to be the person you want people to see you as rather than who you truly are — and explain why it may just be better to just start working towards your goals instead of faking it.

Humiliation
7:54
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:54
Humiliation

Humiliation can make us feel small and insignificant, so why do humans humiliate one another?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of humiliation and how you can make choices in your life to prevent you from feeling humiliated when the bullies strike.

Scientific Terminology
8:39
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:39
Scientific Terminology

One of the reasons it’s so difficult to relate scientific findings to the general public is because the same words literally take on different meanings in those realms.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke deconstruct two such terms–significance and theory– and talk about why knowing how they’re used in a scientific context can help us better to understand the scientific process as well.

Rewarding In The Workplace
8:29
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:29
Rewarding In The Workplace

In our last episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talked about how to influence behavior using rewards first, then examples, and finally verbal direction. However, things aren’t that simple when it comes to building teams and motivating groups, especially in the workplace.

In this follow-up edition, they discuss how to structure rewards at work for the best long-term results.

How To Influence Behavior
8:20
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:20
How To Influence Behavior

When thinking about what drives human behavior there is what we say, what we do, and then what we reward. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, people tend to respond to these things in reverse order.

Embodied Empathy
8:13
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:13
Embodied Empathy

You’ve heard the saying, “walk a mile in someone else’s shoes.” But does that literally mean you have to put yourself in someone’s position in order to understand where they are coming from? According to a study published in The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, it just might.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the study, and what it means for how and why when we try to see things from another’s point of view we are more likely to empathize with them on a few different levels.

 

Sequels
8:16
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:16
Sequels

We may think that we prefer something brand-new to something we’ve seen before, but the truth is we are more likely to enjoy things we are familiar with.

In this edition of Two Guys On Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind why we like sequels.

Online Sharing
8:25
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:25
Online Sharing

There are many places to air your grievances online, and you might think that the rant itself makes you feel better, and you would be half right.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, sharing your problems and interacting with problem solving strategies online can give you the tools you need to deal with issues more effectively in daily life, and helping others with their affairs can get our minds off our own.

Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)
8:04
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:04
Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)

Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it?

When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to mind. This lack of creative flow is further exacerbated by anxiety over the lack of production – making it a self-perpetuating cycle that can lead to stagnation.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the ins and outs of how and why we sometimes get stuck – and what we can do to help ourselves in those difficult situations.

The key to avoiding writer’s block is to understand and remember one simple fact in particular: writing is a process.

Often, people who face writer’s block hold a false belief that the examples of good writing – the masterpieces of literary accomplishment – somehow emerged from the author fully formed. Since a novice writer’s early attempts to produce a draft might not meet their expectations of perfection, they might consider themselves a failure – all before they’ve even fully attempted the work.

Essentially, writer’s block is editing before the work is done. You have to start somewhere. To avoid writer’s block, just write. Get something down and from there you can start to revise it, which is how the work begins.

Saying No
7:59
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:59
Saying No

We’ve done shows on the importance of being open to new opportunities; in short saying yes. And while saying yes is very important, we might be too prone toward saying yes to things when we should be saying no.

Why is hard to say no? Why don’t we take into account the opportunity cost when we’re considering our options?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to practice saying no, and why it matters.

 

Metrics
8:34
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:34
Metrics

Data is great, but it can’t tell you everything you need to know. So why do we love it so much?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the upsides and the downsides of metrics.

Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)
1:03:51
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 1:03:51
Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)

Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy along with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke as they talk about how we make sense of randomness in our lives, why we have a hard time processing statistics, and why our brains like to connect the dots.

Post-Project Depression
8:15
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:15
Post-Project Depression

Many soon-to-be graduates might be asking themselves, “what do I do now?”

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to deal with the lows that come after you complete a major goal.

Suppressing Anger
8:02
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:02
Suppressing Anger

There are a lot of metaphors that give us a picture of what anger is and how it affects our health. We may “bottle things up,” which causes us to get “hot” and need to “blow off steam.” However accurate they may feel to us at the time, they mask healthy ways to deal with anger and effectively influence behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke answer a listener question about suppressing anger.

Hate
8:05
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:05
Hate

What is the point of hate? It feels bad, it causes all kinds of problems, and it destroys relationships. So why did hate persist as we evolved?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of hate.

Being Late
8:40
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:40
Being Late

Have you ever wondered why some people are always punctual, even early, and other are perpetually late? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about some of the psychology behind synchronizing our cultural and personal “clocks”, and how to put yourself in a less anxious space no matter who you are.

 

Picture Taking
8:05
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:05
Picture Taking

You might think that cell phones make everything worse. We can’t remember phone numbers anymore, we are addicted to checking texts and emails, and we end up taking thousands of crappy pictures each month. What good can ever come of this?

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, it’s not all bad. We may actually be remembering more moments because of the photos we’re taking and the way we’re engaging with the world through our phones. But then again, there is more to any story, and the jury is still out on this one.

 

Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?
57:57
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 57:57
Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?

Teaming up with the Elisabet Ney Museum, KUT & Views & Brew‘s Rebecca McInroy and Dr. Art Markman & Dr. Bob Duke of Two Guys On Your Head consider the eternal question posed by Ney’s husband in 1890 “Are We Conscious Automata?”  What can psychology teach us about notions of determinism vs. free will? Is there such a thing as a rational being?

Breathing
7:59
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:59
Breathing

When we think of all the things we’re sold to reduce stress in our lives, the one that will actually work is free-breathing. So why don’t we utilize our ability to change our physiology through slowing down and taking deep breaths more often?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about breathing and the brain.

Starstruck
8:02
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:02
Starstruck

Have you ever caught sight of a celebrity or someone you consider to be a “star” and, even though you are a completely intelligent, interesting, and charismatic person, you turn to mush when you say hello to them?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolution behind our weird interactions with celebrities, and the psychology of being starstruck.

V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption
1:03:38
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 1:03:38
V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy to talk about the psychology of uncertainty and how disruption can be a good thing.

Brain Games (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:34
Brain Games (Rebroadcast)

You can go to the gym and work out your quads, or your biceps, or your balance and isolate those muscle groups to focus improvement of those areas of function with work.

So it’s not too far of a stretch to assume if we exercise specific areas of our brains might we see improvement in functions as well, right?  Unfortunately, it’s not quite so simple.

But have so many brain-training systems like Lumosity become so popular?

On this week’s show, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke will demystify the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs.

Reading Minds
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:34
Reading Minds

Psychics have something going on, but that’s not what we’re talking about here. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we think people can read our minds, why they can’t, and how we can have better interactions by recognizing what we need and asking for what we want.

Numbers
7:55
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:55
Numbers

A lot of us can listen to a newscast or a lecture about, global warming or the federal budget, and hear numbers in the trillions mentioned and think we know what is being discussed. We might even come out with a sense that we learned something about said numbers.

Yet, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, it is really very difficult for the average human being to conceive of what numbers really mean, or how they might affect our lives. But there is hope.

Privacy
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:34
Privacy

Understanding what we want to make public and what we want to keep private might seem like an easy choice, however as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, when it comes to life on-line our brains aren’t quite equip to navigate the complexity of this issue.

Coincidence (Rebroadcast)
7:35
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:35
Coincidence (Rebroadcast)

Have you ever thought of a friend you haven’t seen in a long time only to run into them the same day? Have you ever thought of a historical figure and had that same person be a clue in the New York Times crossword puzzle?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the psychology behind coincidence and why looking at the world through a more mathematical lens might help people see things differently.

Enculturation
7:58
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:58
Enculturation

What one person might term enculturation another might term brainwashing, but no matter what you call it, in psychology it’s pretty much the same thing.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of enculturation.

Fake News
7:57
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:57
Fake News

Whether or not you’re shocked by the plethora of fake news, you might be surprised to learn that such information–fake or not–does have unexpected effects on the way you see the world.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of fake news.

Choice (Rebroadcast)
7:48
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:48
Choice (Rebroadcast)

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make — number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience
7:36
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:36
Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke continue to talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think. Things that have to do specifically personality, gender and openness to experience.

Saying “Yes”
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:34
Saying “Yes”

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think.

Memorization
7:49
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:49
Memorization

There are so many fascinating aspects of what we remember and what we forget, but one we rarely ask about is what is the point of memorization. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to store poems, math facts and more in long-term memory.

The Generation Effect
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:34
The Generation Effect

We might think that when we hear or read something we learn it, but that assumption would be incorrect. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke point out in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head we have to work to produce ideas in order to really understand them.

Curiosity
7:46
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:46
Curiosity

When we are born we know very little about the world and need to learn in order to survive, hence the propensity for curiosity. However some people are just more curious than others, so why is this? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of curiosity.

 

 

Thinking Vs. Doing
7:58
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:58
Thinking Vs. Doing

When we are ready to get something done we’re in “doing” mode, and when we are contemplating what we want to do we are in “thinking” mode. This seems easy enough to understand. So why do we rush into making decisions that don’t turn out to be so great? Or why do we sit on our heels when we should be getting things done?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can optimize our motivational modes for more effective, and rational decision making.

Counterfactuals
7:59
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:59
Counterfactuals

Humans have an innate ability to imagine the unimaginable. More often than not, this manifests in everyday situations – “woulda, coulda, shoulda” sort of situations – like whether you would’ve been late to that job interview, if you hadn’t done x, y or z. Those imaginings are called counterfactuals.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of counterfactuals, and how taking time to recognize and use these tools we have at our disposal can make us happier and healthier people.

Bullying
7:45
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:45
Bullying

People don’t feel that great when their locus of control is compromised, and that’s pretty much what bullying is all about. So why does bullying exist and how does it function?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bullying.

Kindness
8:18
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:18
Kindness

We might think that human beings are innately kind or innately cruel, as it turns out neither is fully true. Kindness is one of those things that is a learned behavior. The more we practice kindness the more we, and others around us, tend to practice the same behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of kindness.

Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 7:34
Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)

If you live in the modern world – as you most likely do – you’re probably seen it: two people standing next to each other, engrossed in text conversations happening on their mobile devices, while oblivious to each other or anything else happening around them.

Does that common occurrence make you reminisce about the good old days of landlines? You’re not alone. Many people pine for simplicity in this new world of immediate contact – all possible through our nifty mobile gadgets.

You can never be out of reach, never out of touch – and yet, you can stay constantly isolated in your own mobile, virtual world, blissfully unengaged in real time interaction with live people around you.

How does this new technology of immediate mobile contact influence and affect our relationships with real people, in real time, in real life?

Well, there’s benefits and drawbacks. As usual, the Two Guys on Your Head have some interesting insight.

Election Results 2016
8:27
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:27
Election Results 2016

No matter which party you voted for last Tuesday, this election has revealed a lot about the psychology of our country. There is a lot of anger, alienation, and fear on both sides and it will take hard work to recover and move forward.

We might not be ready to do so now, and that is okay. We are all feeling the effects of the aftermath, and it can be tough to get a sense of perspective; in either victory or defeat.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, offer a few words of advice on how we can repair, forgive, and move on.

The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live
1:09:16
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 1:09:16
The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live

Everything from what motivates people to vote, to why we’re much more politically polarized today than we’ve ever been. In this discussion, KUT’s Two Guys on Your Head (Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke) joins KUT’s Rebecca McInroy  and The Annette Strauss Institute for Civic Life to take a look at “The Psychology of Civic Engagement.”

Polarization
8:09
2017-09-22 23:44:47 UTC 8:09
Polarization

Have we evolved into a nation of extremes? In an election season like this one (as if we’ve ever seen anything like this) we may think that there is no middle ground, and there’s a reason for that.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we’ve become more polarized politically in the last 30 years.

Voting
8:30
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 8:30
Voting

We get it, voting requires effort and it’s a choice, but that doesn’t predispose it to being something people just don’t do, so why don’t more people go to the polls when it comes to voting?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology of voting.

Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)
7:36
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:36
Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?
You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse – you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Popularity
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Popularity

We might consider ourselves pretty savvy. We choose the “best” toothpaste, bottled water, or television set. We go to the movies we “want” to see, and listen to the music we like because it’s “good”. What we might not take into consideration is how popularity fits into our value judgments about everything, from people and products to ideas and beliefs.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of popularity.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]
48:18
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 48:18
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Two.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]
25:50
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 25:50
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Three.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]
56:05
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 56:05
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part Two.

Link to Part Three.

Value
7:24
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:24
Value

We humans are interesting animals. We may take for granted the card we swipe  at the grocery store when we buy food. We might look at our bank balance and not even think of how unique it is that we can translate those little numbers into experiences and things. It’s merely one of the benefits of having big brains.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of how our brains determine value.

Home
8:10
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 8:10
Home

When we suffer the loss of a home, we may ask why the trauma is so deep. Why are we so devastated by the loss of “things”? A listener asked us this very question on Facebook after she lost her home in the Bastrop County fires of 2011.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of home, and how losing a home affects many aspects of our being.

Fear and Motivation
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Fear and Motivation

When we are afraid we typically act! We run away, we shout, we lash out, we do. Fear is a great motivator, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, there is a downside to acting out of fear alone.

Dissonance and Behavior
7:33
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:33
Dissonance and Behavior

How does dissonance effect behavior? In this episode Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke use the example of climate change to  explore how we deal with dissonance in our lives and beliefs.

Bias and Behavior
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Bias and Behavior

It’s no secret that this political season is a display of some interesting human behavior, and we’ve had a lot of listener questions about how biases form, the psychological impact of heated rhetoric, and what is going on “under the surface” of the American public?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychology can inform our discussions and debates as we try to swim through the murky waters of the modern American political campaign 2016.

Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)

“Working to achieve something can be great, as long as we enjoy the process of working to achieve something.” -Art Markman

So you just got that raise you’ve been working toward, and a new project starts tomorrow, and you’re making great money, but — you don’t really like the work. You’re moving up, but you’re not happy. It might be time to re-evaluate your situation, and maybe get on a different proverbial treadmill.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

TED Talks
8:21
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 8:21
TED Talks

TED Talks! Love ’em or hate ’em they may be changing the way we approach science. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what it is about these captivating orations.

I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)

We value brains. We hold test scores in high esteem. We spend money and hours on brain training games and ginseng. But what does intelligence really mean? How do we define and gauge actual smarts? Does a high IQ predict success?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the history and development of intelligence tests; as well as what these tests can actually tell us about one’s ability to achieve.

It turns out that intelligence can be a dangerous label when thinking about the ongoing, dynamic, interconnected process that is our brain. Once we label something as intelligent we ignore that a lot goes into how we create, solve problems and overcome obstacles.

So next time you’re tempted (or forced) to take an intelligence test, don’t stress, they don’t tell the whole story of what you’re capable of.

Politeness
7:48
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:48
Politeness

Why say “please” and “thank you”? It turns out there’s a lot more to it than just having good manners.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology and purpose of politeness.

Pet Peeves
8:32
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 8:32
Pet Peeves

Things may really annoy you, but when do they hit that sweet spot where you become fond of them? When do they become your pets?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of pet peeves.

Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness
20:25
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 20:25
Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness

In this new feature, we are offering to podcast listeners only, we respond to listener comments about recent shows we did on hearing loss and another on happiness.

If you have questions or comments please email us at twoguys@kut.org. Thanks!

Omission Bias
8:33
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 8:33
Omission Bias

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about omission bias.

Plagiarism
7:55
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:55
Plagiarism

“Thou shalt not steal” might be an old concept, but when it comes to ideas we’re still in the infant stages of understanding how theft works. So we might ask, “why does it matter if someone plagiarizes someone else? It’s not like I took an object from someone else.”

It turns out, it’s a big deal. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why.

Hope and Motivation
7:42
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:42
Hope and Motivation

Does hope actually motivate us to change? A listener sent in this question and we thought we would explore the answer.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how effective hope is when we want change.

Hearing Loss
8:22
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 8:22
Hearing Loss

Hearing loss happens to everyone who’s lucky enough to age. But it’s not like just any other age related illness, mainly because you and others around you, might not know it’s happening.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what makes hearing loss so insidious, and why it’s important to be open about hearing loss if you know you have it, so you don’t lose out on vital social opportunities.

Emotional Contagion
7:44
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:44
Emotional Contagion

Have you ever wondered why when you are around happy people, you feel happier, and when you’re around sad people you feel a little sadder? Emotions can be contagious, just like the flu. However, recent studies show that the way we emit and convey emotion is more complex than we might think.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about emotional contagion.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind both sides of America’s ongoing debate about firearms and gun control.

Feeling Age
7:37
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:37
Feeling Age

The psychology of feeling age in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Speed Reading
7:30
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:30
Speed Reading

Speed reading! “Now this sounds like a fantastic skill,” you might say to yourself. “Where can I learn how to do this?” Well that’s a little tricky, because the psychological research on reading and comprehension, so far concludes that it’s just not possible.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we read slowly, and why we might think we are speed reading when we’re really not.

Why We Make Rules
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Why We Make Rules

We might take rules for granted. For example, we all know that 55 mph means 62 mph, and that crosswalks are for leisure time–just kidding. But, seriously, do we ever wonder why we make rules in the first place?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why we make rules, and why it’s important to talk about it.

Rule Breakers
7:26
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:26
Rule Breakers

“Why do some people think that the rules don’t apply to them?” That is a question one listener tweeted us a few weeks ago. It turns out that the idea of rules and rule breaking opens up a Pandora’s Box of complexities that it’s gonna take more than one show to unpack.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on a few of the psychological issues around rules.

Parenting Adult Children
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Parenting Adult Children

Figuring out how the nature of relationships changes over time can be tough, especially for kids and their parents.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman talk about the challenges of parenting your kids as they transition into adulthood, and what to do to make this easier and mutually beneficial.

Money and Happiness
7:45
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:45
Money and Happiness

Some might say that as long as you have your needs covered, the amount of money you have is irrelevant to your happiness. While for others, money has a lot to do with well-being. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this show, the ratio of money to happiness has more to do with you, than with what’s in your wallet.

SXSW2016 Live
51:50
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 51:50
SXSW2016 Live

In this special SXSW edition of Two Guys on Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the myth of invention and the process of creativity.

Memory, Imagination, and Happiness
7:49
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:49
Memory, Imagination, and Happiness

When it comes to imagination and happiness, it turns out there’s a lot going on. If you think, as William Arthur Ward said, “If you can imagine it, you can achieve it; if you can dream it, you can become it,” you might be in for a surprise when it comes to well-being.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to manage our exceptions and goals, and enjoy the moments in the process of becoming, in order live happier lives.

Imagination and Change
7:33
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:33
Imagination and Change

Have you ever been in a situation that you just can’t see your way out of? Have you ever been stuck on a path you did not want to follow? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can practice gaining experiences that can help us imagine different possibilities for a future we never knew we wanted, to get out of a present we’re not happy with.

Ending Relationships
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Ending Relationships

Why is it so hard to get out of a relationship that just isn’t working? It might be a job that you don’t like, or a friendship or partnership that is not okay. You want out, but can’t seem to cut the ties.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about some of the psychology behind why it can be tough to get out, and what to do about it.

Defining Gender
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Defining Gender

The science, the politics, and the general understanding of gender here in the US has evolved dramatically over the last 30 years, but what does that mean for how we understand ourselves and others differently through time. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychologically understanding changing definitions of gender.

Innovation and Creativity
7:27
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:27
Innovation and Creativity

A talk about memory, innovation, creativity and productivity, live at SXSW 2016, with Dr. Art Markman, Dr. Bob Duke and Rebecca McInroy.

Flexibility
7:38
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:38
Flexibility

When the unexpected happens, some people shut down, while others are cool as cucumbers. We might think that the people who handle crisis well, are just born that way, perhaps they are just flexible.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how the more you know, and the more experiences you have help you to become a more flexible person, and why it’s important to learn to deal calmly with whatever comes your way.

Applying For Jobs
7:23
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:23
Applying For Jobs

We might think that as long as we have great test scores, the right degree, or certain awards, that we are a shoe-in for that job we just applied for. But the truth is you could have all of that and more and still not get the job. That’s because so many of the factors that are taken into consideration when employers or administrators are sifting through applications, has very little to do with actual qualifications.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about what matters, and what doesn’t, when it comes to your application. Yes, they give some tips on how to “get the job” but the most important thing to remember, whether you get it or not, is that a lot is just out of your hands.

 

Swearing
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Swearing

Should you let your kids swear like sailors, or should you put the hammer down? Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind swearing and raising kids.

Gift Giving
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Gift Giving

Why do we give gifts? Why can giving gifts be stressful? What are the gifts that really matter? What are the gifts that people will remember?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the psychology of gift giving.

Confession
7:53
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:53
Confession

Why do we confess when we feel bad about something we’ve done or haven’t done? What is the evolutionary benefit of confession? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explore the psychology of confession.

Reciprocity
7:36
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:36
Reciprocity

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of reciprocity.

Circadian Rhythms
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Circadian Rhythms

The regularity of the Earth’s dark-light cycle is why all creatures, humans included, have biological clocks. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about Circadian Rhythms.

Low Information Decision Making
8:13
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 8:13
Low Information Decision Making

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about low information decision making.

Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion
1:05:00
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 1:05:00
Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion

In this special live Views & Brews edition of Two Guys On Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the psychology of choice and decision making.

Decision Making And Happiness
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Decision Making And Happiness

Decision making and happiness, how one influences the other, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Choice
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Choice

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make; number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Accountability
7:48
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:48
Accountability

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of accountability.

Resolutions
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Resolutions

It’s that time of the year when we resolve to drink less, exercise more, save money, etc.

It may feel really good to intend to do “better” in the new year, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, real change takes planning and hard work.

Why is that? It turns out we have no idea why we do most of the things we do on a daily basis. And as long as our behaviors are driven by factors that operate below our conscious awareness, we may not know how to change.

As the Two Guys point out, effective change can happen when we start from the outside in. When we look at our environments first we can make space and cultivate relationships that help us become best selves.

Getting Lost
7:45
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:45
Getting Lost

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychological value of “getting lost”, and the beauty of discovery.

Tradition
7:25
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:25
Tradition

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of tradition.

Punishment
7:46
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:46
Punishment

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of punishment.

Guns
7:38
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of guns.

Xenophobia
7:37
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:37
Xenophobia

In this episode of Two Guys On Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of xenophobia.

How To Exit Converations
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
How To Exit Converations

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to exit conversations, and keep group discussions from being co-opted.

Reference Points
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Reference Points

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we make value judgments based on reference points.

Framing Effects
7:26
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:26
Framing Effects

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the why how we say something is as important, if not more important than, what we say.

Gestalt Principles And Language Development
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles And Language Development

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about understanding the difference between Behaviorism and Gestalt Psychology by looking at theories of language development.

Gestalt Principles
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about “gestalt principles.”

Desire
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Desire

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of desire.

Why We Tell Ghost Stories
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Ghost Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how telling ghost stories can be good for us.

Why We Tell Stories
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why our brains make sense of the world through stories, and what problems this can cause.

Rethinking Work For a Happier Life
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Rethinking Work For a Happier Life

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to rethink your work week for a happier life.

Days Of The Week
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Days Of The Week

This week we talk about why certain days of the week “feel” differently than others, and what we can do to help ourselves optimize each day.

Reading and Child’s Brain
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Reading and Child’s Brain

What’s going on inside a child’s brain when you read to them? Get a little insight in this week’s episode of Two Guys.

Rewarding Mediocrity
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Rewarding Mediocrity

The ups and downs of rewards that praise participation in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Expectations, Goals, and Happiness
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Expectations, Goals, and Happiness

Why is it that we’re not always as happy as we think we should be when we accomplish our goals? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

The Value of Failure
8:00
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 8:00
The Value of Failure

Failure is a word that carries a lot of baggage, arousing emotional responses that we’d usually rather avoid.

What about success? Why does the thought of success conjure images and feelings of comfort and satisfaction. This week, “Two Guys on Your Head” examine how the heights of success and the “training wheels” of failure impact our everyday lives.

We’re wired with a dopamine reward system that releases positive or negative chemical affect in our brains depending upon the success or failure of our efforts.  Success feels good, while failure feels bad.  So we tend to seek success and avoid failure. It’s simple.

But, how can you determine how much exertion to expend toward reaching a particular goal if you’ve never failed at something?  You might just run yourself into the ground trying to avoid failure, but it’s better to let failure experiences happen and serve to help you gauge your efforts.

Failure is a learning mechanism, like training wheels on a bicycle.  Our little mistakes serve to build up a framework of experience that allows us to more proficiently navigate our lives.

The fear of failure is a very challenging obstacle to overcome.  To some, fear of failure can be immobilizing.  When we legislate ourselves rigidly against the negative feelings aroused by the experience of a mistake, we are short-changing ourselves. Failure-driven learning mechanisms are not being utilized because our society reinforces a desire to avoid mistakes.

The Yuck Factor
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
The Yuck Factor

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the “yuck factor” and morality.

Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the complex metabolic system that goes into how we eat and process food, and the benefits of food rituals and eating together, not only on our bodies, but on our brains as well.

V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!
1:07:46
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 1:07:46
V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!

In this episode of Views & Brews, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Two Guys On Your Head’s Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about the psychology of living the good life, and planning for death.  We’ll discuss why it’s so difficult to confront end-of-life concerns with your loved ones and your doctor, and we’ll offer some strategies that might help ease the pain of these difficult conversations.

Virtual Therapy
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Virtual Therapy

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the purposes of therapy and provide some perspective on the roles virtual therapy can and can’t fill.

The Imposter Syndrome
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
The Imposter Syndrome

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about The Imposter Syndrome. What is the real problem when you feel inadequate? How can you help yourself overcome it when you recognize it?

Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, conclude our series on pain with a discussion on some interesting findings in psychology as to how pain killers work in the brain, and they talk about the cultural and biological evolution of inflicting pain as retribution.

Emotional Pain and Memory
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Emotional Pain and Memory

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, add to the series on pain and the brain, with a discussion on emotional pain and memory.

Phantom Pain
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Phantom Pain

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, kick off our three-part series on “Pain and The Brain” with a discussion of “Phantom Pain”. What it is, and how psychologists are finding new ways of helping patients who suffer with it.

Summer and Time
7:14
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:14
Summer and Time

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about organizing time to make the most of time off.

Teaching The Process of Science
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Teaching The Process of Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why it’s more important to teach the process of science, as opposed to just the outcomes science has produced.

Communicating Science
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Communicating Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about thinking scientifically, and some of the problems with communicating science to the general public.

Seeing and Perception
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Seeing and Perception

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how we see with our brains, and some problems that can cause.

Defiance
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Defiance

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of defiance.

Egocentric Bias
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Egocentric Bias

Why do think we contribute more in a group situation than we actually do? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of egocentric bias. It can be pretty destructive, but not necessarily in ways we predict.

Reading vs. Listening
7:33
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:33
Reading vs. Listening

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how our brains process information differently based on the mode of consumption.

Bonus: Gender and Negotiation
4:56
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 4:56
Bonus: Gender and Negotiation

Men and women can approach negotiation a lot differently and that can influence many aspects of their personal and professional lives. In this unedited bonus clip Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk a little bit about the role of gender in negotiation, and also a little bit about negotiation and children.

Negotiation
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Negotiation

Negotiations are everywhere, in almost every element of our daily lives, yet how do we understand negotiations? It turns out that the way we frame the idea of negotiation has a lot to do with how we understand value and happiness.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various elements of negotiation.

The Economics of Our Relationships
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
The Economics of Our Relationships

What is the value of our relationships?

As it turns out, the way we answer that question defines the relationship itself.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the various ways we understand the economics of the relationships in our lives, and why the value of community should never be underestimated.

Bias & Diversity
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Bias & Diversity

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bias, and the importance of diversity.

How To Catch a Liar
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
How To Catch a Liar

There’s no such thing as a “tell”. For example, when people look up, fidget or stutter they might just be nervous, and not exactly lying. However, because we rely on the truth to make our culture go round, it might make our lives easier if we could just spot a liar out of the crowd.

As it turns out you can tell if people are telling the truth or not, but it takes some skill, time and knowledge.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about lying, and a new study that reveals a more accurate way to catch someone in a lie.

Sleep and Age
7:33
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:33
Sleep and Age

Do we need less sleep as we age? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between sleep, age and cognitive decline.

The Placebo Effect
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
The Placebo Effect

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how and why placebos can make us feel better.

Rose Colored Glasses
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Rose Colored Glasses

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about all the factors that go in to why we attracted to certain people, while others just rub us the wrong way from the beginning.

Coincidence
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Coincidence

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology behind the phenomenon of coincidences.

Paranioa
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Paranioa

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, discuss what paranoia is, how we can help ourselves keep from spiraling into a paranoid thought process, and why paranoia manifests itself differently in different cultures.

Tempering The Tantrum
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Tempering The Tantrum

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on temper tantrums.

Amnesia
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Amnesia

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various aspects of amnesia.

Tongue Twisters and Rhymes
7:20
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:20
Tongue Twisters and Rhymes

Why rhymes are so appealing, and what makes for a good tongue twister, in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holiday Special
53:58
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 53:58
Holiday Special

Join us for a holiday special as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take us through questions about the link between freewill and gratitude, why we feel so compelled to recreate traditions exactly as we remember them, and why yawning is contagious. Plus, we’ll take a trip to The Thinkery with Dr. Cristine Legare.

It’s the holidays so let’s celebrate with Two Guys on Your Head!

The Interpertation of Memory
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
The Interpertation of Memory

How and why we misperceive how memory works in the brain, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?
7:33
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:33
Holidays: The Fountain of Youth?

For many of us, Thanksgiving means spending time with our families, carrying out traditions that we’ve practiced for years.

While it can be very stressful, messy, and challenging to spend time with family members you don’t see very often, it can also be a beautiful time of re-centering.

Traditions serve a psychological function. By repeating the same traditional activity with the same group of people over the years, we construct a chronological record of who we’ve been before – and who we are now. It’s a hidden way of staying in touch with the consistent elements of our identities, and it allows us to track ourselves as we develop and change.

Traditions give us an opportunity to become psychologically close to the person that we used to be in childhood, or adolescence – or even as recently as last year. And that’s something to be thankful for.

As always, Drs. Bob Duke and Art Markman are carving it up.

Why We Go To Extremes
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Why We Go To Extremes

From CrossFit to quilting, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the pros and cons of going to extremes.

How To Protect Your Brain As You Age
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
How To Protect Your Brain As You Age

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?

You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse –  you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Artificial Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Artificial Intelligence

The brief history of Artificial Intelligence in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Defining Intelligence
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Defining Intelligence

How intelligence tests were developed and why, and what they do and don’t tell us about our ability to achieve success, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Why We Laugh At Fear
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Why We Laugh At Fear

Why we respond to uncomfortable situations with humor, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Responding To Ebola
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:48 UTC 7:34
Responding To Ebola

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind our response to threats like Ebola.

The Psychology of Happiness
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:49 UTC 7:34
The Psychology of Happiness

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what goes into our ability to naturally be happy, and how we can influence our perspective to feel more positive.

Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos
7:34
2017-09-22 23:44:49 UTC 7:34
Why We Get Tranfixed By Kitten Videos

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolutionary basis for our attraction to kitten videos, and why they’re not so bad to consume in moderation.

Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)
8:06
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:06
Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)

Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it?

When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to mind. This lack of creative flow is further exacerbated by anxiety over the lack of production – making it a self-perpetuating cycle that can lead to stagnation.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the ins and outs of how and why we sometimes get stuck – and what we can do to help ourselves in those difficult situations.

Praise (Rebroadcast)
7:58
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:58
Praise (Rebroadcast)

“Hey, you know, you’re really good at that.” That feels good to hear, doesn’t it?

Praise always feels good to hear, but not all praise motivates us to try new things, challenge ourselves, or deal with failure.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss how to praise in a productive and meaningful way.

Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go
7:33
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:33
Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go

A traumatic event in life is like a scratch on a record. Every time the record player, or your mind, runs over the scratch, it skips. This skipping record thought pattern is called rumination. Until we’re able to fill the scratch, it will keep skipping. So how do we fill the scratch, move on and heal? On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the various ways we live with and explain grief, and they offer some strategies that might help it make sense.

The Value of Understanding
8:17
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:17
The Value of Understanding

As gratifying as applied research is, to set out to answer a specific research question, it’s not always the best way to come up with new ideas, discover new things, and develop understanding. For these things you need basic research or just a curiosity about the world and how it works.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about on this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, developing and valuing understanding, as opposed to the bottom line, is an important part of uncovering what we don’t even know we don’t know.

 

Pronouns
8:04
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:04
Pronouns

When it comes to language, the psychology around how we use words is as interesting and as consequential as the words themselves.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of closed classed words in English like pronouns, determiners, conjunctions, and prepositions, and why it’s so hard for us to change them.

Painkillers (Rebroadcast)
8:14
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:14
Painkillers (Rebroadcast)

The high reliance on painkillers by the medical community has become an increasingly controversial topic.  For patients, that reliance can easily transform a treatment into an addiction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between pain and the brain. And they touch on the evolution of pain as retribution, both biologically and culturally.

Nouns
8:30
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:30
Nouns

Popular linguistic theories like, Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, give us the idea that language determines how and what we think. However, looking at the psychology behind how we use language points in another direction.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how nouns can teach us a lot about how our brains create and influence how we use language.

Unintended Consequences Of Policy
8:37
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:37
Unintended Consequences Of Policy

On average most policies are put in place to help people, protect people, or regulate dangerous behavior, so why don’t these policies work?

In the most recent episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the unintended consequences of policy, and how psychology can help us discover what policies work. And why. And why not.

Struggling vs. Suffering
8:04
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:04
Struggling vs. Suffering

Struggle has a way of defining us. But while we often use struggles to teach lessons and build resilience, a struggle without a purpose doesn’t always yield positive results.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the difference between struggling and suffering, and why it matters.

Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)
8:15
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:15
Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)

Most people feel in over their heads when they first enter a challenging situation or even a new job. And, while conventional wisdom suggests those with trepidations about trying new things should “fake it ’til they make it,” it may not always be the best course of action.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman discuss what’s known as “imposter syndrome” — the practice of pretending to be the person you want people to see you as rather than who you truly are — and explain why it may just be better to just start working towards your goals instead of faking it.

Humiliation
7:54
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:54
Humiliation

Humiliation can make us feel small and insignificant, so why do humans humiliate one another?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of humiliation and how you can make choices in your life to prevent you from feeling humiliated when the bullies strike.

Scientific Terminology
8:39
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:39
Scientific Terminology

One of the reasons it’s so difficult to relate scientific findings to the general public is because the same words literally take on different meanings in those realms.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke deconstruct two such terms–significance and theory– and talk about why knowing how they’re used in a scientific context can help us better to understand the scientific process as well.

Rewarding In The Workplace
8:29
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:29
Rewarding In The Workplace

In our last episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talked about how to influence behavior using rewards first, then examples, and finally verbal direction. However, things aren’t that simple when it comes to building teams and motivating groups, especially in the workplace.

In this follow-up edition, they discuss how to structure rewards at work for the best long-term results.

How To Influence Behavior
8:20
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:20
How To Influence Behavior

When thinking about what drives human behavior there is what we say, what we do, and then what we reward. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, people tend to respond to these things in reverse order.

Embodied Empathy
8:13
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:13
Embodied Empathy

You’ve heard the saying, “walk a mile in someone else’s shoes.” But does that literally mean you have to put yourself in someone’s position in order to understand where they are coming from? According to a study published in The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, it just might.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the study, and what it means for how and why when we try to see things from another’s point of view we are more likely to empathize with them on a few different levels.

 

Sequels
8:16
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:16
Sequels

We may think that we prefer something brand-new to something we’ve seen before, but the truth is we are more likely to enjoy things we are familiar with.

In this edition of Two Guys On Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind why we like sequels.

Online Sharing
8:25
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:25
Online Sharing

There are many places to air your grievances online, and you might think that the rant itself makes you feel better, and you would be half right.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, sharing your problems and interacting with problem solving strategies online can give you the tools you need to deal with issues more effectively in daily life, and helping others with their affairs can get our minds off our own.

Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)
8:04
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:04
Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)

Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it?

When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to mind. This lack of creative flow is further exacerbated by anxiety over the lack of production – making it a self-perpetuating cycle that can lead to stagnation.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the ins and outs of how and why we sometimes get stuck – and what we can do to help ourselves in those difficult situations.

The key to avoiding writer’s block is to understand and remember one simple fact in particular: writing is a process.

Often, people who face writer’s block hold a false belief that the examples of good writing – the masterpieces of literary accomplishment – somehow emerged from the author fully formed. Since a novice writer’s early attempts to produce a draft might not meet their expectations of perfection, they might consider themselves a failure – all before they’ve even fully attempted the work.

Essentially, writer’s block is editing before the work is done. You have to start somewhere. To avoid writer’s block, just write. Get something down and from there you can start to revise it, which is how the work begins.

Saying No
7:59
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:59
Saying No

We’ve done shows on the importance of being open to new opportunities; in short saying yes. And while saying yes is very important, we might be too prone toward saying yes to things when we should be saying no.

Why is hard to say no? Why don’t we take into account the opportunity cost when we’re considering our options?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to practice saying no, and why it matters.

 

Metrics
8:34
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:34
Metrics

Data is great, but it can’t tell you everything you need to know. So why do we love it so much?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the upsides and the downsides of metrics.

Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)
1:03:51
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 1:03:51
Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)

Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy along with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke as they talk about how we make sense of randomness in our lives, why we have a hard time processing statistics, and why our brains like to connect the dots.

Post-Project Depression
8:15
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:15
Post-Project Depression

Many soon-to-be graduates might be asking themselves, “what do I do now?”

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to deal with the lows that come after you complete a major goal.

Suppressing Anger
8:02
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:02
Suppressing Anger

There are a lot of metaphors that give us a picture of what anger is and how it affects our health. We may “bottle things up,” which causes us to get “hot” and need to “blow off steam.” However accurate they may feel to us at the time, they mask healthy ways to deal with anger and effectively influence behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke answer a listener question about suppressing anger.

Hate
8:05
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:05
Hate

What is the point of hate? It feels bad, it causes all kinds of problems, and it destroys relationships. So why did hate persist as we evolved?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of hate.

Being Late
8:40
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:40
Being Late

Have you ever wondered why some people are always punctual, even early, and other are perpetually late? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about some of the psychology behind synchronizing our cultural and personal “clocks”, and how to put yourself in a less anxious space no matter who you are.

 

Picture Taking
8:05
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:05
Picture Taking

You might think that cell phones make everything worse. We can’t remember phone numbers anymore, we are addicted to checking texts and emails, and we end up taking thousands of crappy pictures each month. What good can ever come of this?

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, it’s not all bad. We may actually be remembering more moments because of the photos we’re taking and the way we’re engaging with the world through our phones. But then again, there is more to any story, and the jury is still out on this one.

 

Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?
57:57
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 57:57
Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?

Teaming up with the Elisabet Ney Museum, KUT & Views & Brew‘s Rebecca McInroy and Dr. Art Markman & Dr. Bob Duke of Two Guys On Your Head consider the eternal question posed by Ney’s husband in 1890 “Are We Conscious Automata?”  What can psychology teach us about notions of determinism vs. free will? Is there such a thing as a rational being?

Breathing
7:59
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:59
Breathing

When we think of all the things we’re sold to reduce stress in our lives, the one that will actually work is free-breathing. So why don’t we utilize our ability to change our physiology through slowing down and taking deep breaths more often?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about breathing and the brain.

Starstruck
8:02
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:02
Starstruck

Have you ever caught sight of a celebrity or someone you consider to be a “star” and, even though you are a completely intelligent, interesting, and charismatic person, you turn to mush when you say hello to them?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the evolution behind our weird interactions with celebrities, and the psychology of being starstruck.

V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption
1:03:38
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 1:03:38
V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy to talk about the psychology of uncertainty and how disruption can be a good thing.

Brain Games (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:34
Brain Games (Rebroadcast)

You can go to the gym and work out your quads, or your biceps, or your balance and isolate those muscle groups to focus improvement of those areas of function with work.

So it’s not too far of a stretch to assume if we exercise specific areas of our brains might we see improvement in functions as well, right?  Unfortunately, it’s not quite so simple.

But have so many brain-training systems like Lumosity become so popular?

On this week’s show, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke will demystify the process of brain function improvement and illustrate the effectiveness of brain training programs.

Reading Minds
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:34
Reading Minds

Psychics have something going on, but that’s not what we’re talking about here. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we think people can read our minds, why they can’t, and how we can have better interactions by recognizing what we need and asking for what we want.

Numbers
7:55
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:55
Numbers

A lot of us can listen to a newscast or a lecture about, global warming or the federal budget, and hear numbers in the trillions mentioned and think we know what is being discussed. We might even come out with a sense that we learned something about said numbers.

Yet, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, it is really very difficult for the average human being to conceive of what numbers really mean, or how they might affect our lives. But there is hope.

Privacy
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:34
Privacy

Understanding what we want to make public and what we want to keep private might seem like an easy choice, however as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, when it comes to life on-line our brains aren’t quite equip to navigate the complexity of this issue.

Coincidence (Rebroadcast)
7:35
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:35
Coincidence (Rebroadcast)

Have you ever thought of a friend you haven’t seen in a long time only to run into them the same day? Have you ever thought of a historical figure and had that same person be a clue in the New York Times crossword puzzle?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the psychology behind coincidence and why looking at the world through a more mathematical lens might help people see things differently.

Enculturation
7:58
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:58
Enculturation

What one person might term enculturation another might term brainwashing, but no matter what you call it, in psychology it’s pretty much the same thing.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of enculturation.

Fake News
7:57
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:57
Fake News

Whether or not you’re shocked by the plethora of fake news, you might be surprised to learn that such information–fake or not–does have unexpected effects on the way you see the world.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of fake news.

Choice (Rebroadcast)
7:48
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:48
Choice (Rebroadcast)

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make — number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience
7:36
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:36
Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke continue to talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think. Things that have to do specifically personality, gender and openness to experience.

Saying “Yes”
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:34
Saying “Yes”

You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think.

Memorization
7:49
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:49
Memorization

There are so many fascinating aspects of what we remember and what we forget, but one we rarely ask about is what is the point of memorization. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to store poems, math facts and more in long-term memory.

The Generation Effect
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:34
The Generation Effect

We might think that when we hear or read something we learn it, but that assumption would be incorrect. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke point out in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head we have to work to produce ideas in order to really understand them.

Curiosity
7:46
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:46
Curiosity

When we are born we know very little about the world and need to learn in order to survive, hence the propensity for curiosity. However some people are just more curious than others, so why is this? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of curiosity.

 

 

Thinking Vs. Doing
7:58
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:58
Thinking Vs. Doing

When we are ready to get something done we’re in “doing” mode, and when we are contemplating what we want to do we are in “thinking” mode. This seems easy enough to understand. So why do we rush into making decisions that don’t turn out to be so great? Or why do we sit on our heels when we should be getting things done?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can optimize our motivational modes for more effective, and rational decision making.

Counterfactuals
7:59
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:59
Counterfactuals

Humans have an innate ability to imagine the unimaginable. More often than not, this manifests in everyday situations – “woulda, coulda, shoulda” sort of situations – like whether you would’ve been late to that job interview, if you hadn’t done x, y or z. Those imaginings are called counterfactuals.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of counterfactuals, and how taking time to recognize and use these tools we have at our disposal can make us happier and healthier people.

Bullying
7:45
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:45
Bullying

People don’t feel that great when their locus of control is compromised, and that’s pretty much what bullying is all about. So why does bullying exist and how does it function?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bullying.

Kindness
8:18
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:18
Kindness

We might think that human beings are innately kind or innately cruel, as it turns out neither is fully true. Kindness is one of those things that is a learned behavior. The more we practice kindness the more we, and others around us, tend to practice the same behavior.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of kindness.

Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:34
Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)

If you live in the modern world – as you most likely do – you’re probably seen it: two people standing next to each other, engrossed in text conversations happening on their mobile devices, while oblivious to each other or anything else happening around them.

Does that common occurrence make you reminisce about the good old days of landlines? You’re not alone. Many people pine for simplicity in this new world of immediate contact – all possible through our nifty mobile gadgets.

You can never be out of reach, never out of touch – and yet, you can stay constantly isolated in your own mobile, virtual world, blissfully unengaged in real time interaction with live people around you.

How does this new technology of immediate mobile contact influence and affect our relationships with real people, in real time, in real life?

Well, there’s benefits and drawbacks. As usual, the Two Guys on Your Head have some interesting insight.

Election Results 2016
8:27
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:27
Election Results 2016

No matter which party you voted for last Tuesday, this election has revealed a lot about the psychology of our country. There is a lot of anger, alienation, and fear on both sides and it will take hard work to recover and move forward.

We might not be ready to do so now, and that is okay. We are all feeling the effects of the aftermath, and it can be tough to get a sense of perspective; in either victory or defeat.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, offer a few words of advice on how we can repair, forgive, and move on.

The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live
1:09:16
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 1:09:16
The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live

Everything from what motivates people to vote, to why we’re much more politically polarized today than we’ve ever been. In this discussion, KUT’s Two Guys on Your Head (Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke) joins KUT’s Rebecca McInroy  and The Annette Strauss Institute for Civic Life to take a look at “The Psychology of Civic Engagement.”

Polarization
8:09
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:09
Polarization

Have we evolved into a nation of extremes? In an election season like this one (as if we’ve ever seen anything like this) we may think that there is no middle ground, and there’s a reason for that.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we’ve become more polarized politically in the last 30 years.

Voting
8:30
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 8:30
Voting

We get it, voting requires effort and it’s a choice, but that doesn’t predispose it to being something people just don’t do, so why don’t more people go to the polls when it comes to voting?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology of voting.

Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)
7:36
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:36
Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)

Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age.

One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is).

Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, and we begin a very slow, steady decline of those functions as we near our senior years.

After age 80, many bodily functions – including brain function – seem to have reached the average limit of their operation. So what can we do to preserve our brains for as long as possible?
You know what they say: use it or lose it. The more you think now, the more you will be able to think later, as you age. Activities that are interactive and intellectually rewarding, like having good conversations with people, are not only enjoyable – they’re also good for your brain.

The next time you spend too long talking to someone, lost in a good conversation, there’s your excuse – you were exercising your brain. And by the same token, physical activity and fitness help preserve brain function. After all, your brain is a part of your body – so you have to take care of your body to take care of your brain.

So: think a lot, move a lot, and live a lot if you want to live longer. Drs. Art Markman and Bob Duke give you more of the details.

You’re only as old as you feel: Continued activity – both physical and mental – protects you as you age.

Popularity
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 7:34
Popularity

We might consider ourselves pretty savvy. We choose the “best” toothpaste, bottled water, or television set. We go to the movies we “want” to see, and listen to the music we like because it’s “good”. What we might not take into consideration is how popularity fits into our value judgments about everything, from people and products to ideas and beliefs.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of popularity.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]
48:18
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 48:18
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Two.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]
25:50
2017-10-05 04:31:07 UTC 25:50
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part One.

Link to Part Three.

Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]
56:05
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 56:05
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]

It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome writers block, to why time seems to speed up as we age.

Link to Part Two.

Link to Part Three.

Value
7:24
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:24
Value

We humans are interesting animals. We may take for granted the card we swipe  at the grocery store when we buy food. We might look at our bank balance and not even think of how unique it is that we can translate those little numbers into experiences and things. It’s merely one of the benefits of having big brains.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of how our brains determine value.

Home
8:10
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 8:10
Home

When we suffer the loss of a home, we may ask why the trauma is so deep. Why are we so devastated by the loss of “things”? A listener asked us this very question on Facebook after she lost her home in the Bastrop County fires of 2011.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of home, and how losing a home affects many aspects of our being.

Fear and Motivation
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Fear and Motivation

When we are afraid we typically act! We run away, we shout, we lash out, we do. Fear is a great motivator, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, there is a downside to acting out of fear alone.

Dissonance and Behavior
7:33
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:33
Dissonance and Behavior

How does dissonance effect behavior? In this episode Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke use the example of climate change to  explore how we deal with dissonance in our lives and beliefs.

Bias and Behavior
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Bias and Behavior

It’s no secret that this political season is a display of some interesting human behavior, and we’ve had a lot of listener questions about how biases form, the psychological impact of heated rhetoric, and what is going on “under the surface” of the American public?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychology can inform our discussions and debates as we try to swim through the murky waters of the modern American political campaign 2016.

Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)

“Working to achieve something can be great, as long as we enjoy the process of working to achieve something.” -Art Markman

So you just got that raise you’ve been working toward, and a new project starts tomorrow, and you’re making great money, but — you don’t really like the work. You’re moving up, but you’re not happy. It might be time to re-evaluate your situation, and maybe get on a different proverbial treadmill.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

TED Talks
8:21
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 8:21
TED Talks

TED Talks! Love ’em or hate ’em they may be changing the way we approach science. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what it is about these captivating orations.

I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)

We value brains. We hold test scores in high esteem. We spend money and hours on brain training games and ginseng. But what does intelligence really mean? How do we define and gauge actual smarts? Does a high IQ predict success?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the history and development of intelligence tests; as well as what these tests can actually tell us about one’s ability to achieve.

It turns out that intelligence can be a dangerous label when thinking about the ongoing, dynamic, interconnected process that is our brain. Once we label something as intelligent we ignore that a lot goes into how we create, solve problems and overcome obstacles.

So next time you’re tempted (or forced) to take an intelligence test, don’t stress, they don’t tell the whole story of what you’re capable of.

Politeness
7:48
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:48
Politeness

Why say “please” and “thank you”? It turns out there’s a lot more to it than just having good manners.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology and purpose of politeness.

Pet Peeves
8:32
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 8:32
Pet Peeves

Things may really annoy you, but when do they hit that sweet spot where you become fond of them? When do they become your pets?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of pet peeves.

Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness
20:25
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 20:25
Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness

In this new feature, we are offering to podcast listeners only, we respond to listener comments about recent shows we did on hearing loss and another on happiness.

If you have questions or comments please email us at twoguys@kut.org. Thanks!

Omission Bias
8:33
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 8:33
Omission Bias

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about omission bias.

Plagiarism
7:55
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:55
Plagiarism

“Thou shalt not steal” might be an old concept, but when it comes to ideas we’re still in the infant stages of understanding how theft works. So we might ask, “why does it matter if someone plagiarizes someone else? It’s not like I took an object from someone else.”

It turns out, it’s a big deal. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why.

Hope and Motivation
7:42
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:42
Hope and Motivation

Does hope actually motivate us to change? A listener sent in this question and we thought we would explore the answer.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how effective hope is when we want change.

Hearing Loss
8:22
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 8:22
Hearing Loss

Hearing loss happens to everyone who’s lucky enough to age. But it’s not like just any other age related illness, mainly because you and others around you, might not know it’s happening.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what makes hearing loss so insidious, and why it’s important to be open about hearing loss if you know you have it, so you don’t lose out on vital social opportunities.

Emotional Contagion
7:44
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:44
Emotional Contagion

Have you ever wondered why when you are around happy people, you feel happier, and when you’re around sad people you feel a little sadder? Emotions can be contagious, just like the flu. However, recent studies show that the way we emit and convey emotion is more complex than we might think.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about emotional contagion.

Guns
7:38
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind both sides of America’s ongoing debate about firearms and gun control.

Feeling Age
7:37
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:37
Feeling Age

The psychology of feeling age in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Speed Reading
7:30
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:30
Speed Reading

Speed reading! “Now this sounds like a fantastic skill,” you might say to yourself. “Where can I learn how to do this?” Well that’s a little tricky, because the psychological research on reading and comprehension, so far concludes that it’s just not possible.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we read slowly, and why we might think we are speed reading when we’re really not.

Why We Make Rules
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Why We Make Rules

We might take rules for granted. For example, we all know that 55 mph means 62 mph, and that crosswalks are for leisure time–just kidding. But, seriously, do we ever wonder why we make rules in the first place?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why we make rules, and why it’s important to talk about it.

Rule Breakers
7:26
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:26
Rule Breakers

“Why do some people think that the rules don’t apply to them?” That is a question one listener tweeted us a few weeks ago. It turns out that the idea of rules and rule breaking opens up a Pandora’s Box of complexities that it’s gonna take more than one show to unpack.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on a few of the psychological issues around rules.

Parenting Adult Children
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Parenting Adult Children

Figuring out how the nature of relationships changes over time can be tough, especially for kids and their parents.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman talk about the challenges of parenting your kids as they transition into adulthood, and what to do to make this easier and mutually beneficial.

Money and Happiness
7:45
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:45
Money and Happiness

Some might say that as long as you have your needs covered, the amount of money you have is irrelevant to your happiness. While for others, money has a lot to do with well-being. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this show, the ratio of money to happiness has more to do with you, than with what’s in your wallet.

SXSW2016 Live
51:50
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 51:50
SXSW2016 Live

In this special SXSW edition of Two Guys on Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the myth of invention and the process of creativity.

Memory, Imagination, and Happiness
7:49
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:49
Memory, Imagination, and Happiness

When it comes to imagination and happiness, it turns out there’s a lot going on. If you think, as William Arthur Ward said, “If you can imagine it, you can achieve it; if you can dream it, you can become it,” you might be in for a surprise when it comes to well-being.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to manage our exceptions and goals, and enjoy the moments in the process of becoming, in order live happier lives.

Imagination and Change
7:33
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:33
Imagination and Change

Have you ever been in a situation that you just can’t see your way out of? Have you ever been stuck on a path you did not want to follow? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can practice gaining experiences that can help us imagine different possibilities for a future we never knew we wanted, to get out of a present we’re not happy with.

Ending Relationships
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Ending Relationships

Why is it so hard to get out of a relationship that just isn’t working? It might be a job that you don’t like, or a friendship or partnership that is not okay. You want out, but can’t seem to cut the ties.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about some of the psychology behind why it can be tough to get out, and what to do about it.

Defining Gender
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Defining Gender

The science, the politics, and the general understanding of gender here in the US has evolved dramatically over the last 30 years, but what does that mean for how we understand ourselves and others differently through time. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how psychologically understanding changing definitions of gender.

Innovation and Creativity
7:27
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:27
Innovation and Creativity

A talk about memory, innovation, creativity and productivity, live at SXSW 2016, with Dr. Art Markman, Dr. Bob Duke and Rebecca McInroy.

Flexibility
7:38
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:38
Flexibility

When the unexpected happens, some people shut down, while others are cool as cucumbers. We might think that the people who handle crisis well, are just born that way, perhaps they are just flexible.

However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how the more you know, and the more experiences you have help you to become a more flexible person, and why it’s important to learn to deal calmly with whatever comes your way.

Applying For Jobs
7:23
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:23
Applying For Jobs

We might think that as long as we have great test scores, the right degree, or certain awards, that we are a shoe-in for that job we just applied for. But the truth is you could have all of that and more and still not get the job. That’s because so many of the factors that are taken into consideration when employers or administrators are sifting through applications, has very little to do with actual qualifications.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about what matters, and what doesn’t, when it comes to your application. Yes, they give some tips on how to “get the job” but the most important thing to remember, whether you get it or not, is that a lot is just out of your hands.

 

Swearing
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Swearing

Should you let your kids swear like sailors, or should you put the hammer down? Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind swearing and raising kids.

Gift Giving
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Gift Giving

Why do we give gifts? Why can giving gifts be stressful? What are the gifts that really matter? What are the gifts that people will remember?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the psychology of gift giving.

Confession
7:53
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:53
Confession

Why do we confess when we feel bad about something we’ve done or haven’t done? What is the evolutionary benefit of confession? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explore the psychology of confession.

Reciprocity
7:36
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:36
Reciprocity

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of reciprocity.

Circadian Rhythms
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Circadian Rhythms

The regularity of the Earth’s dark-light cycle is why all creatures, humans included, have biological clocks. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about Circadian Rhythms.

Low Information Decision Making
8:13
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 8:13
Low Information Decision Making

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about low information decision making.

Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion
1:05:00
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 1:05:00
Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion

In this special live Views & Brews edition of Two Guys On Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the psychology of choice and decision making.

Decision Making And Happiness
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Decision Making And Happiness

Decision making and happiness, how one influences the other, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Choice
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Choice

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make; number one being that we have actual choices to make.

Accountability
7:48
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:48
Accountability

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of accountability.

Resolutions
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Resolutions

It’s that time of the year when we resolve to drink less, exercise more, save money, etc.

It may feel really good to intend to do “better” in the new year, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, real change takes planning and hard work.

Why is that? It turns out we have no idea why we do most of the things we do on a daily basis. And as long as our behaviors are driven by factors that operate below our conscious awareness, we may not know how to change.

As the Two Guys point out, effective change can happen when we start from the outside in. When we look at our environments first we can make space and cultivate relationships that help us become best selves.

Getting Lost
7:45
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:45
Getting Lost

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychological value of “getting lost”, and the beauty of discovery.

Tradition
7:25
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:25
Tradition

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of tradition.

Punishment
7:46
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:46
Punishment

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of punishment.

Guns
7:38
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:38
Guns

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of guns.

Xenophobia
7:37
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:37
Xenophobia

In this episode of Two Guys On Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of xenophobia.

How To Exit Converations
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
How To Exit Converations

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to exit conversations, and keep group discussions from being co-opted.

Reference Points
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Reference Points

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we make value judgments based on reference points.

Framing Effects
7:26
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:26
Framing Effects

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the why how we say something is as important, if not more important than, what we say.

Gestalt Principles And Language Development
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles And Language Development

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about understanding the difference between Behaviorism and Gestalt Psychology by looking at theories of language development.

Gestalt Principles
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Gestalt Principles

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about “gestalt principles.”

Desire
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Desire

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of desire.

Why We Tell Ghost Stories
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Ghost Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how telling ghost stories can be good for us.

Why We Tell Stories
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Why We Tell Stories

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why our brains make sense of the world through stories, and what problems this can cause.

Rethinking Work For a Happier Life
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Rethinking Work For a Happier Life

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to rethink your work week for a happier life.

Days Of The Week
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Days Of The Week

This week we talk about why certain days of the week “feel” differently than others, and what we can do to help ourselves optimize each day.

Reading and Child’s Brain
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Reading and Child’s Brain

What’s going on inside a child’s brain when you read to them? Get a little insight in this week’s episode of Two Guys.

Rewarding Mediocrity
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Rewarding Mediocrity

The ups and downs of rewards that praise participation in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.

Expectations, Goals, and Happiness
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Expectations, Goals, and Happiness

Why is it that we’re not always as happy as we think we should be when we accomplish our goals? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a happier life.

The Value of Failure
8:00
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 8:00
The Value of Failure

Failure is a word that carries a lot of baggage, arousing emotional responses that we’d usually rather avoid.

What about success? Why does the thought of success conjure images and feelings of comfort and satisfaction. This week, “Two Guys on Your Head” examine how the heights of success and the “training wheels” of failure impact our everyday lives.

We’re wired with a dopamine reward system that releases positive or negative chemical affect in our brains depending upon the success or failure of our efforts.  Success feels good, while failure feels bad.  So we tend to seek success and avoid failure. It’s simple.

But, how can you determine how much exertion to expend toward reaching a particular goal if you’ve never failed at something?  You might just run yourself into the ground trying to avoid failure, but it’s better to let failure experiences happen and serve to help you gauge your efforts.

Failure is a learning mechanism, like training wheels on a bicycle.  Our little mistakes serve to build up a framework of experience that allows us to more proficiently navigate our lives.

The fear of failure is a very challenging obstacle to overcome.  To some, fear of failure can be immobilizing.  When we legislate ourselves rigidly against the negative feelings aroused by the experience of a mistake, we are short-changing ourselves. Failure-driven learning mechanisms are not being utilized because our society reinforces a desire to avoid mistakes.

The Yuck Factor
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
The Yuck Factor

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the “yuck factor” and morality.

Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Diets, Dieting, and Food Rituals

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the complex metabolic system that goes into how we eat and process food, and the benefits of food rituals and eating together, not only on our bodies, but on our brains as well.

V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!
1:07:46
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 1:07:46
V&B: Two Guys On Your Head Live!

In this episode of Views & Brews, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Two Guys On Your Head’s Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about the psychology of living the good life, and planning for death.  We’ll discuss why it’s so difficult to confront end-of-life concerns with your loved ones and your doctor, and we’ll offer some strategies that might help ease the pain of these difficult conversations.

Virtual Therapy
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Virtual Therapy

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the purposes of therapy and provide some perspective on the roles virtual therapy can and can’t fill.

The Imposter Syndrome
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
The Imposter Syndrome

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about The Imposter Syndrome. What is the real problem when you feel inadequate? How can you help yourself overcome it when you recognize it?

Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Pain Killers, and Pain as Retribution

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, conclude our series on pain with a discussion on some interesting findings in psychology as to how pain killers work in the brain, and they talk about the cultural and biological evolution of inflicting pain as retribution.

Emotional Pain and Memory
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Emotional Pain and Memory

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, add to the series on pain and the brain, with a discussion on emotional pain and memory.

Phantom Pain
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Phantom Pain

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, kick off our three-part series on “Pain and The Brain” with a discussion of “Phantom Pain”. What it is, and how psychologists are finding new ways of helping patients who suffer with it.

Summer and Time
7:14
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:14
Summer and Time

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about organizing time to make the most of time off.

Teaching The Process of Science
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
Teaching The Process of Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why it’s more important to teach the process of science, as opposed to just the outcomes science has produced.

Communicating Science
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Communicating Science

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about thinking scientifically, and some of the problems with communicating science to the general public.

Seeing and Perception
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Seeing and Perception

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how we see with our brains, and some problems that can cause.

Defiance
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Defiance

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of defiance.

Egocentric Bias
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Egocentric Bias

Why do think we contribute more in a group situation than we actually do? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of egocentric bias. It can be pretty destructive, but not necessarily in ways we predict.

Reading vs. Listening
7:33
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:33
Reading vs. Listening

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how our brains process information differently based on the mode of consumption.

Bonus: Gender and Negotiation
4:56
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 4:56
Bonus: Gender and Negotiation

Men and women can approach negotiation a lot differently and that can influence many aspects of their personal and professional lives. In this unedited bonus clip Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk a little bit about the role of gender in negotiation, and also a little bit about negotiation and children.

Negotiation
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Negotiation

Negotiations are everywhere, in almost every element of our daily lives, yet how do we understand negotiations? It turns out that the way we frame the idea of negotiation has a lot to do with how we understand value and happiness.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various elements of negotiation.

The Economics of Our Relationships
7:20
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:20
The Economics of Our Relationships

What is the value of our relationships?

As it turns out, the way we answer that question defines the relationship itself.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the various ways we understand the economics of the relationships in our lives, and why the value of community should never be underestimated.

Bias & Diversity
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
Bias & Diversity

Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bias, and the importance of diversity.

How To Catch a Liar
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
How To Catch a Liar

There’s no such thing as a “tell”. For example, when people look up, fidget or stutter they might just be nervous, and not exactly lying. However, because we rely on the truth to make our culture go round, it might make our lives easier if we could just spot a liar out of the crowd.

As it turns out you can tell if people are telling the truth or not, but it takes some skill, time and knowledge.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about lying, and a new study that reveals a more accurate way to catch someone in a lie.

Sleep and Age
7:33
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:33
Sleep and Age

Do we need less sleep as we age? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between sleep, age and cognitive decline.

The Placebo Effect
7:34
2017-10-05 04:31:08 UTC 7:34
The Placebo Effect

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how and why placebos can make us feel better.